Consumption Insurance with Heterogeneous Preferences. Can Sharecropping Help Complete Markets?
AbstractEmpirical tests of the complete markets hypothesis generally reject full insurance and stimulated the study of optimal risk sharing. However, most of the empirical tests of the complete markets hypothesis make strong assumptions concerning the specification of preferences. In particular, the usual rejection of full insurance may be affected by the incapacity to account for heterogeneity of risk aversion of households. Underlining the methodological problems on the identification of preferences, the direction of the tests and their power, we study the risk sharing and consumption insurance achieved by rural households from three provinces of Pakistan. We show how to deal with these methodological problems in studying consumption smoothing and implement some non directional and directional tests of market completeness. We actually find that markets are incomplete in Pakistan even at the village level and look for a possible explanation of how households try to complete markets. The risk sharing property of sharecropping is actually often called upon, but its effect on consumption smoothing has never been tested directly. We therefore present a reduced form evidence that, in Pakistan, the sharecropping institution allows to complete markets. Households able to use this contractual choice, which permits to share production risk, are better insured against idiosyncratic shocks. It seems that sharecropping provides a contingent claim that other accessible markets do not allow to replicate. This empirical fact shows that agricultural contracts play an important role sharing production risk but also through informal insurance mechanisms when markets are incomplete.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers with number 1597.
Date of creation: 01 Aug 2000
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Other versions of this item:
- Dubois, P., 2001. "Consumption insurance with heterogeneous preferences. Can sharecropping help complete markets ?," Economics Working Paper Archive (Toulouse) 25, French Institute for Agronomy Research (INRA), Economics Laboratory in Toulouse (ESR Toulouse).
- C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- D91 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice - - - Intertemporal Household Choice; Life Cycle Models and Saving
- O12 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
- Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
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- Pierre-André Chiappori & Bernard Salanié, 2002.
"Testing Contract Theory : A Survey of Some Recent Work,"
2002-11, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
- Pierre André Chiappori & Bernard Salanié, 2002. "Testing Contract Theory: A Survey of Some Recent Work," CESifo Working Paper Series 738, CESifo Group Munich.
- Luis H.B. Braido, 2005. "Risk and Insurance in Sharecropping," Risk and Insurance 0508002, EconWPA.
- Sam Schulhofer-Wohl, 2011.
"Heterogeneity and tests of risk sharing,"
462, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
- Irac, D. & Minoiu, C., 2006. "Risk Insurance in a Transition Economy: Evidence from Rural Romania," Working papers 154, Banque de France.
- Ethan Ligon & Pierre Dubois, 2012. "Incentives & Nutrition for Rotten Kids: The Quantity & Quality of Food Allocated within Philippine Households," 2012 Meeting Papers 375, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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