Improving Development Effectiveness through R&D: Dynamic Learning and Evaluation
AbstractResearch and development (R&D) is a common process in for-profit organizations. Despite the benefits, it is not routinely practiced in nonprofit organizations, in part because it is difficult to identify the effects of programs that are designed to involve individuals over long periods of time. This paper presents a process by which organizations looking to affect social outcomes can learn from their programs in both the short- and long-run in order to develop the most cost- and impact-effective programs. We call it Dynamic Learning and Evaluation (DLE). DLE is a multi-arm experimental approach to program development that encompasses all stages of the design and implementation process. It combines a clear model of the causal chain of a program with high quality monitoring and impact evaluation. During the initial program development, organizations randomly apply multiple implementation designs and test them against each other using qualitative and administrative data. Once the organization determines a combination of designs that hold the most potential, they then implement these designs in the field and estimate impacts using participant data collection processes. The organization then uses the results to inform the next round of program implementation. They repeat this process over multiple designs for the life of the program and organization. At no point in the lifespan of the organization is this learning process stopped: programs are continually updated using systematic and objective methods to improve their design and impact. We present this process in detail.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 1325.
Length: 24 p.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Research and development; program development; non-governmental organizations; development strategies; impact evaluation; monitoring and evaluation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O32 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
- O19 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
- D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
- L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs
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