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Poverty alleviation policy targeting: a review of experiences in developing countries

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Author Info

  • Emmanuelle Lavallée

    ()
    (DIAL, Paris)

  • Anne Olivier

    ()
    (DIAL, EHESS)

  • Laure Pasquier-Doumer

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Anne-Sophie Robilliard

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Abstract

(english) Fiscal constraints and policy changes to improve the effectiveness of programmes in reducing poverty have gradually led the international community to use tools to reach the poor. Poverty reduction policy targeting is one of them. This paper reviews targeted poverty alleviation policies in developing countries and seeks to identify the key factors that affect their performances. _________________________________ (français) Dans un contexte de ressources budgétaires limitées et suite au constat que la croissance et l’aide publique au développement ne bénéficiaient pas forcément aux pauvres, la communauté internationale a eu recours à des outils spécifiques permettant d’atteindre en priorité les pauvres. Le ciblage des politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté est l’un de ces outils. Cet article vise à dresser un bilan des expériences de ciblage menées dans les pays en développement. Il cherche pour cela à dégager les facteurs de réussite ou d’échec de ces expériences et fait le point sur les questions qui font toujours débat.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2010/10.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201010

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Keywords: targeting; poverty; redistribution; developing countries; ciblage; pauvreté; redistribution; pays en développement.;

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References

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  1. Elbers, Chris & Tomoki Fujii & Lanjouw, Peter & Ozler, Berk & Yin, Wesley, 2004. "Poverty alleviation through geographic targeting : how much does disaggregation help?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3419, The World Bank.
  2. Skoufias, Emmanuel & Coady, David P., 2002. "Are the welfare losses from imperfect targeting important?," FCND briefs 125, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. repec:ese:iserwp:2006-12 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Barrett, Christopher B., 2002. "Food Aid Effectiveness: "It'S The Targeting, Stupid!"," Working Papers 14754, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  5. Bigman, David & Fofack, Hippolyte, 2000. "Geographical Targeting for Poverty Alleviation: An Introduction to the Special Issue," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(1), pages 129-45, January.
  6. Pranab Bardhan & Dilip Mookherjee, 2003. "Pro-Poor Targeting and Accountability of Local Governments in West Bengal," Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series dp-138, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  7. Sami Bibi & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2003. "Equity and Policy Effectiveness with Imperfect Targeting," Cahiers de recherche 0335, CIRPEE.
  8. Emmanuelle Lavallée & Anne Olivier & Laure Pasquier-Doumer & Anne-Sophie Robilliard, 2009. "Le ciblage des politiques de lutte contre la pauvreté : quel bilan des expériences dans les pays en développement ?," Working Papers DT/2009/03, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  9. Pudney, Stephen & Monica Hernandez & Ruth Hancock, 2003. "The Welfare Cost of Means-Testing: Pensioner Participation in Income Support," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 171, Royal Economic Society.
  10. van de Walle, Dominique, 1998. "Targeting Revisited," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 231-48, August.
  11. Kristin Komives & Jon Halpern & Vivien Foster & Quentin Wodon & Roohi Abdullah, 2007. "Utility Subsidies as Social Transfers: An Empirical Evaluation of Targeting Performance," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 25(6), pages 659-679, November.
  12. Esther Duflo, 2000. "Child Health and Household Resources in South Africa: Evidence from the Old Age Pension Program," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 393-398, May.
  13. Christopher Barrett & Daniel Clay, 2003. "How Accurate is Food-for-Work Self-Targeting in the Presence of Imperfect Factor Markets? Evidence from Ethiopia," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(5), pages 152-180.
  14. Schady, Norbert R., 2000. "Picking the poor : indicators for geographic targeting in Peru," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2477, The World Bank.
  15. David Coady & Margaret Grosh & John Hoddinott, 2004. "Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries : Review of Lessons and Experience," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14902, July.
  16. Simler, Kenneth R. & Nhate, Virgulino, 2005. "Poverty, inequality, and geographic targeting: Evidence from Small-Area Estimates in Mozambique," FCND discussion papers 192, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  17. Alderman, Harold, 2002. "Do local officials know something we don't? Decentralization of targeted transfers in Albania," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 375-404, March.
  18. Baker, Judy L. & Grosh, Margaret E., 1994. "Poverty reduction through geographic targeting: How well does it work?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(7), pages 983-995, July.
  19. Deaton, Angus, 1992. "Understanding Consumption," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198288244, October.
  20. Martin Ravallion & Gaurav Datt, 1995. "Is Targeting Through a Work Requirement Efficient? Some Evidence for Rural India," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series archive-41, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  21. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1994. "Transfer Benefits from Public-Works Employment: Evidence for Rural India," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(427), pages 1346-69, November.
  22. Conning, Jonathan & Kevane, Michael, 2002. "Community-Based Targeting Mechanisms for Social Safety Nets: A Critical Review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 375-394, March.
  23. Galasso, Emanuela & Ravallion, Martin, 2005. "Decentralized targeting of an antipoverty program," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(4), pages 705-727, April.
  24. Duclos, Jean-Yves, 1995. "Modelling the take-up of state support," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(3), pages 391-415, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Stephen Howes & Dung Doan, 2012. "Revisiting the relationship between targeting and program performance," Development Policy Centre Discussion Papers 1212, Development Policy Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.

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