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From an agrarian society to a knowledge economy: Portugal, 1950-2010

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  • Álvaro Santos Pereira

    ()

  • Pedro Lains

    ()

Abstract

This paper surveys the main features of Portuguese economic growth in the last half century, with a particular emphasis on the period after the return to democracy in 1974. It shows that significant structural change and capital deepening were the chief sources of growth in the Portuguese economy until the mid 1970s. From then onwards, human capital accumulation and productivity growth were the main reasons behind Portugal’s economic fortunes. Growth declined between these two phases, as in the rest of Europe. In Portugal, it slowed further after 1990. After surveying the main causes of the slowdown of the Portuguese economy in the last decade, Portugal’s main human capital indicators are compared to other European and OECD economies. While Portugal has made a remarkable transition from an agrarian society to an industry- and service-based economy, the country still has not been able to successfully move on to a knowledge-based economy. Such a transition, however, is instrumental to spur economic growth on and to improve productivity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones in its series Working Papers in Economic History with number wp10-09.

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Date of creation: Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cte:whrepe:wp10-09

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Keywords: Economic policies; Economic growth; Human Capital; Portugal;

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Cited by:
  1. Marta Simões & João Sousa Andrade & Adelaide Duarte, 2012. "Convergence and Growth: Portugal in the EU 1986-2010," GEMF Working Papers, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra 2012-13, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  2. Adelaide Duarte & Marta Simões & João Sousa Andrade, 2013. "Productivity Growth and Convergence: Portugal in the EU 1986-2009," GEMF Working Papers, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra 2013-10, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  3. João Sousa Andrade & Adelaide Duarte, 2011. "The Fundamentals of the Portuguese Crisis," GEMF Working Papers, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra 2011-16, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  4. João Gaspar & Gilson Pina & Marta C. N. Simões, 2014. "Agriculture in Portugal: linkages with industry and services," GEMF Working Papers, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra 2014-04, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.

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