Crime and Poverty: Evidence From a Natural Experiment
AbstractThis paper investigates the relationship between poverty and crime. Following a disputed presidential election, fuel supply to the highlands of Madagascar was severely curtailed in early 2002, resulting in a massive if temporary increase in poverty. Using original survey data collected in June 2002 at the height f the crisis, we find that crime increase with poverty. Our most conclusive results are for crop theft. We also find that an increase in law enforcement personnel reduces cattle theft which, in Madagascar, is a form of organised crime. Theft appears to be used by some of the rural poor as a risk coping strategy. Increased transport costs led to a rise in a cattle and crop theft, suggesting that isolation raises crime.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford in its series CSAE Working Paper Series with number 2002-23.
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Marcel Fafchamps & Bart Minten, 2004. "Crime and Poverty: Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Development and Comp Systems 0409025, EconWPA.
- Marcel Fafchamps & Bart Minten, 2002. "Crime and Poverty: Evidence From a Natural Experiment," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2002-23, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
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- Fafchamps, Marcel & Moser, Christine, 2004.
"Crime, Isolation, and Law Enforcement,"
Working Paper Series
UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
- Marcel Fafchamps & Bart Minten, 2003.
"Public Service Provision, User Fees, and Political Turmoil,"
Economics Series Working Papers
WPS/2003-15, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
- Marcel Fafchamps & Bart Minten, 2007. "Public Service Provision, User Fees and Political Turmoil," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 16(3), pages 485-518, June.
- Marcel Fafchamps & Bart Minten, 2003. "Public Service Provision, User Fees, and Political Turmoil," CSAE Working Paper Series 2003-15, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
- Marcel Fafchamps & Bart Minten, 2004. "Public Service Provision, User Fees, and Political Turmoil," Development and Comp Systems 0409039, EconWPA.
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