Labour Discrimination a Symptom of HIV Experimental Evaluation: The Greek Case
AbstractIn the spirit of the International Labour Organisation Code (2001) of decent work and respect for the human rights and dignity of persons infected or affected by HIV/AIDS, there should be no discrimination against applicants for work on the basis of real or perceived HIV status. Whilst, the successful implementation of an HIV/AIDS policy requires cooperation and trust between firms and employees, with the active involvement of workers infected and affected by HIV/AIDS (ILO ). In the current study having considered the fundamental points the first ever correspondence testing was conducted in order to test whether job applicants living with HIV (still) face prejudices in the crucial stage of the selection process in Greece. Resumes differed only in applicants’ health status were faxed to advertised job openings. We suggest that a HIV-positive applicant may want to identify whether firms are prone to provide any reasonable adjustments for the recruitment and interview process. Definitely, the outcomes must imply that employers use health condition as a factor when reviewing resumes, which matches the legal definition of discrimination. The rate of net discrimination against male (female) HIV positives is found to be between 82.6% and 97.8% (81.6%-98.8%) among sectors. Whilst, the degree of discrimination is randomly assigned across occupations disrelated to education level and job status. The current study initiates a key methodology which can drive world-wide researchers to conduct relevant surveys. As efforts grow up to address HIV discrimination, so does the need for a set of standard tested and validated discrimination indicators. Measurements and discrimination trends are a key tool for identifying effective anti-stigma programming.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Crete, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0808.
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Correspondence Test; Labour Discrimination; ILO; Health; AIDS/HIV;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
- J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
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