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The Economic Consequences of the U.S. Border Closure in Response to a Security Threat: A Dynamic CGE Assessment

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  • P.B. Dixon
  • J.A. Giesecke
  • M.T. Rimmer
  • A. Rose

Abstract

We investigate the economic consequences of a twelve-month closure of U.S. borders in the form of cessation of trade, tourism and immigration flows. The federal government might contemplate such action in the face of an extreme terrorism or public health threat. Using a computable general equilibrium model, we find that border closure would cause substantial economic loss. However this damage is significantly reduced when critical imports (such as energy) are either exempted from the policy, or made available through use of domestic stockpiles (such as the Strategic Petroleum Reserve). Economic damage is reduced further if workers accept lower real wages for the duration of the security crisis. We argue that if border closure were ever to be contemplated as a response to a security or public health threat, it would be prudent to keep its scope to a minimum, to make its duration as short as possible, to allow market responses to run their course, and to enact countervailing policies that can help minimize the economic losses.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre in its series Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers with number g-184.

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Date of creation: Apr 2009
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Publication status: Published in 'The economic costs to the U.S. of closing its borders: a computable general equilibrium analysis', Defence and Peace Economics, Vol. 22(1), February 2011, pp. 85-97.
Handle: RePEc:cop:wpaper:g-184

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Keywords: border closure; strategic reserves; bottleneck imports; dynamic CGE;

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  1. Greene, David L & Jones, Donald W & Leiby, Paul N, 1998. "The outlook for US oil dependence," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 55-69, January.
  2. Dixon, Peter B. & Pearson, K.R. & Picton, Mark R. & Rimmer, Maureen T., 2005. "Rational expectations for large CGE models: A practical algorithm and a policy application," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 1001-1019, December.
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