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Crecimiento económico y distribución del ingreso en Colombia: evidencia sobre el capital humano y el nivel de educación

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  • Alexander Cotte Poveda

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Abstract

En los últimos treinta años, el comportamiento de la producción en Colombia se ha analizado desde un modelo que relaciona el capital físico, el stock de capital humano -desagregado en mano de obra calificada y no calificada-, y el nivel de empleo. Los resultados del análisis distinguen dos efectos importantes del capital humano sobre el crecimiento económico: El primero, al interior del mismo capital humano, se refiere a la mayor productividad o eficiencia que la sociedad adquiere con mayores niveles de educación o entrenamiento en sus actividades que se refleja en una mayor productividad. El segundo, es el beneficio generado por mayores niveles de escolaridad de la sociedad o por innovaciones tecnológicas que se difunden libremente, es decir, es un efecto social no individual, que indica que aquellas economías con mayores niveles promedios de capital humano capacitado son más productivas que las demás. En otras palabras, este efecto también se refleja en una mayor productividad de la sociedad y mayores tasas de crecimiento económico.

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File URL: http://cuadernosadministracion.javeriana.edu.co/pdfs/13_32_crecimiento_econ%F3mico.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN VIOLENCIA, INSTITUCIONES Y DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO (VIDE) in its series SERIE DE DOCUMENTOS EN ECONOMÍA Y VIOLENCIA with number 002221.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000137:002221

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Keywords: Crecimiento económico; distribución del ingreso; educación; capital humano;

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Cited by:
  1. Wharton, Kate & Uwaifo Oyelere, Ruth, 2011. "Conflict and its Impact on Educational Accumulation and Enrollment in Colombia: What We Can Learn from Recent IDPs," IZA Discussion Papers 5939, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere & Kate Wharton, 2013. "The Impact of Conflict on Education Attainment and Enrollment in Colombia: lessons from recent IDPs," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 141, Households in Conflict Network.
  3. Álvaro Hurtado & Hermilson Velásquez & Gustavo Canavire & Luisa Fernanda Rubiano, 2013. "Matching laboral: Una aproximación empírica y metodológica," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT 010926, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
  4. Álvaro Hurtado Rendón & Luis Alfredo Molina, 2012. "Inestabilidad institucional, evidencia para Colombia: la violencia y el crecimiento económico en el periodo 1950-2010," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT 010572, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.

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