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Determinantes de la supervivencia de empresas industriales en el área metropolitana de Cali 1994-2003

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  • Andrés Felipe Martínez

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    Abstract

    Los establecimientos industriales del �rea Metropolitana de Cali presentan mayores problemas para consolidarse en los primeros a�os que siguen a su creaci�n. En este trabajo se analiza el horizonte vital de las empresas de la cohorte de 1994 hasta el a�o 2003. Los procesos de consolidaci�n empresarial de los establecimientos industriales var�an seg�n el tama�o inicial y las caracter�sticas de la industria donde operen. En particular, el ciclo de vida, el nivel de concentraci�n de mercado y el r�gimen tecnol�gico de las industrias, determinan diversos escenarios de supervivencia para los nuevos establecimientos. A partir de la estimaci�n de un modelo de duraci�n, se estimo la probabilidad de supervivencia y el nivel de riesgo de los establecimientos industriales. Se encontr� que las empresas enfrentan mayores barreras a la supervivencia cuando el sector donde deciden operar se encuentra en un etapa madura del ciclo de vida. De igual modo, las empresas pertenecientes a sectores industriales no concentrados presentan bajos niveles de supervivencia. Adicionalmente, el riesgo empresarial difiere seg�n el tama�o inicial e la empresa, encontr�ndose una relaci�n inversa entre el tama�o y la tasa de riesgo.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series INVESTIGACIONES SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL - CREE with number 002320.

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    Length: 39
    Date of creation: 30 Jun 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:col:000103:002320

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    Related research

    Keywords: Modelos de supervivencia; riesgo empresarial; dimensión inicial; ciclo de vida y concentración de mercado;

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    1. Agarwal, Rajshree & Gort, Michael, 1996. "The Evolution of Markets and Entry, Exit and Survival of Firms," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(3), pages 489-98, August.
    2. Klepper, Steven, 1997. "Industry Life Cycles," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 145-81.
    3. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1984. "Tobit models: A survey," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 3-61.
    4. Luis Gutierrez & Carlos Pombo, 2004. "Firm entry, productivity differentials and turnovers in import substituting markets: a study of the petrochemical industry in Colombia," BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002728, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
    5. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
    6. Gort, Michael & Klepper, Steven, 1982. "Time Paths in the Diffusion of Product Innovations," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(367), pages 630-53, September.
    7. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1987. "Innovation, Market Structure, and Firm Size," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(4), pages 567-74, November.
    8. Froeb, Luke & Geweke, John, 1987. "Long run competition in the U.S. aluminum industry," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 67-78, March.
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