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Comparación del Gasto de los hogares colombianos entre 1997 y 2003, según resultados de encuestas de calidad de vida: magnitud, composición y distribu

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  • Manuel Ramirez

    ()

  • Andrés Zambrano

    ()

  • Manuel Muñoz

    ()

Abstract

El propósito de este estudio es analizar el cambio en magnitud, composición y distribución del gasto de los hogares en los años 1997 y 2003, usando las encuestas de calidad de vida. Este análisis encuentra una gran disminución del gasto per cápita (23.9%), especialmente en zonas urbanas y regiones más adelantadas, reflejo de la crisis económica que golpea al país desde 1998. Este decrecimiento desigual generó una mejor distribución en el 2003 y ocasionó un cambio en la estructura de gastos, llevando a un importante crecimiento de la proporción de los gastos en alimentos y una disminución de los gastos de educación y salud. En el documento se utilizó estadística descriptiva, discriminando por quintiles de cada región y clase (urbano rural). Posteriormente se realizaron estimaciones paramétricas y no paramétricas de las curvas de Engel, para cada rubro, con el fin de identificar su naturaleza.*************************************************************************************************************The purpose of this study is to analyze the change in magnitude, composition and distribution of the household's expenditure in 1997 and 2003, using quality of life surveys. The analysis shows a decrease in the per capita expenditure (23,9%), specially in rural zones and richer regions, which reflects the economic recession that the country lives since 1998. This unequal decrease leads to a better distribution and a change in the expenditure structure where the portion of foodexpenses increase while the education and health ones reduces. In the paper we use descriptive statistics taking into acount the quantiles by region and zones (rural and urban). Then, we make parametric and non-parametric estimations of the Engel curve for each group of commodities in order to identify their nature.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN with number 002167.

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Length: 46
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000091:002167

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Keywords: Gasto de los Hogares; magnitud; composición; distribución; curvas de Engel;

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