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Travail indépendant et immigrants au Canada

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  • Nong Zhu
  • Cecile Batisse
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    Abstract

    Using 2006 census data, the present study analyzes the determinants of immigrants’ participation in self-employment in Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal. Our results show that the decision to become self-employed depends largely on income gap between self-employment and paid-employment. Demographic characteristics, education, ethnicity and year of immigration are also major determinants of propensity to work independently. À l’aide des données du recensement 2006, nous étudions les facteurs motivant le travail indépendant chez les immigrants à Vancouver, Toronto et Montréal. Si la décision d’exercer une activité indépendante est fortement influencée par les caractéristiques des immigrants, à savoir les caractéristiques démographiques, le niveau d’instruction, l’appartenance ethnique et l’année d’immigration, nos résultats montrent également que la décision de travailler à son compte dépend largement de l’écart de revenu entre les activités indépendantes et salariées.

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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/pdf/publication/2014S-13.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2014s-13.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 2014
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    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-13

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    Keywords: immigration; self-employment; income gap; Canada.; immigration; travail indépendant; écart de revenu; Canada;

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    1. Earle, John S. & Sakova, Zuzana, 2000. "Business start-ups or disguised unemployment? Evidence on the character of self-employment from transition economies," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 575-601, September.
    2. Zhu, Nong, 2002. "The impacts of income gaps on migration decisions in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 213-230.
    3. Hiromi Taniguchi, 2002. "Determinants of Women's Entry into Self-Employment," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 83(3), pages 875-893.
    4. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    5. Bruce, Donald, 2000. "Effects of the United States tax system on transitions into self-employment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 545-574, September.
    6. van der Gaag, Jacques & Vijverberg, Wim, 1988. "A Switching Regression Model for Wage Determinants in the Public and Private Sectors of a Developing Country," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 244-52, May.
    7. Carol Moore & Richard Mueller, 2002. "The transition from paid to self-employment in Canada: the importance of push factors," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(6), pages 791-801.
    8. Schuetze, Herb J., 2000. "Taxes, economic conditions and recent trends in male self-employment: a Canada-US comparison," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 507-544, September.
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