Need, equality and social justice
AbstractIt is frequently claimed that social justice requires that some goods – medical care is a frequently cited example – be distributed according to “need”. The most common justification for adoption of this principle is the cause of inequality: the principles of “distribution according to need” and “equality” are seen as interrelated. In this paper we propose a definition of need and explore the distributional implications of allocating resources according to need. We dispute the claim that the principles of equality and “distribution according to need” are in any way linked and argue that the latter is unlikely in general to result in the attainment of equality and may actually increase inequality.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Health Economics, University of York in its series Working Papers with number 090chedp.
Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Oct 1991
Date of revision:
equality; binary; need;
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- Wagstaff, Adam, 1991. "QALYs and the equity-efficiency trade-off," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 21-41, May.
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- Andrew M Jones, 1995. "A microeconometric analysis of smoking in the UK health and lifestyle survey," Working Papers 139chedp, Centre for Health Economics, University of York.
- Clark, Derek, 1995. "Priority setting in health care: An axiomatic bargaining approach," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 345-360, August.
- Olsen, Jan Abel, 1997. "Theories of justice and their implications for priority setting in health care," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 625-639, December.
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