Shift Working and Trade in Labor Services with Time Zone Differences
AbstractUsing a two-factor (labor and capital), two-good (shift-working and non shiftworking commodities) model with two countries (Home and Foreign) which are located in different time zones, we highlight the impact of trade in labor services (via communication networks) on the comparative advantage of countries capable of such trade. It is shown that a comparative advantage in the shift-working commodity is held by pairs of countries in different time zones and connected through a good communication network. Concerning factor prices, if the shiftworking commodity is capital (resp. labor) intensive, the wage rate for day-shift labor will decrease (resp. increase) as a result of trade in labor services. It is also demonstrated that this kind of labor services utilization is mutual: some of Home’s day-shift labor will be utilized for Foreign night-shift, and vice versa. Thus, periodic trade in labor services occurs across countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3542.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
shiftworking; time zones; trade in labor services;
Other versions of this item:
- Toru Kikuchi & Ngo Van Long, 2011. "Shift Working And Trade In Labour Services With Time Zone Differences," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(5), pages 553-564, December.
- F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
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- Matsuoka, Yuji & Fukushima, Marcelo, 2009. "Time Zones, Shift Working and Outsourcing through Communications Networks," MPRA Paper 13355, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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- Betancourt,Roger R. & Clague,Christopher K., 2008. "Capital Utilization," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521070287, April.
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