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Poverty and climate change in urban Bangladesh (CLIMURB): an analytical framework

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  • Manoj Roy
  • Simon Guy
  • David Hulme
  • Ferdous Jahan
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    Abstract

    Around 40 percent of Bangladesh’s population are poor people for whom a variable and unpredictable climate can critically restrict livelihood options. This is true in rural and urban areas alike, but this study focuses on the latter. Urban poverty continues to be neglected in research, policy and action for climate change adaptation in the country. The study builds on three propositions: (i) poor urban communities are places where physical and socioeconomic vulnerability coincide; (ii) urban areas are exposed to three forms of climate change impact: rapid-onset events, gradual-onset processes, and cascade effects; and (iii) poor urban people are already adapting to emergent climate change impacts by actively developing various practices. The analytical framework places a strong emphasis on poor people’s adaptation practices in order to understand their agency, cultural resources and economic strategies and the structural factors that both support and constrain their agency. The practices are examined in terms of three key elements: the socio-economic resources of poor urban households and communities; institutions and political economy; and external actors and resources. Six low-income settlements have been chosen for case studies from three cities – Dhaka, Chittagong and Khulna. Data collection involves: mini-surveys; qualitative methods; dialogues with local academics, policymakers and civil society groups; and action research. Key analytical findings include the identification and analysis of existing practices under five broad themes (e.g. livelihoods, built environment, networks, institutions, and external supports).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by BWPI, The University of Manchester in its series Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series with number 14811.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:bwp:bwppap:14811

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    1. Rosenzweig, Mark R. & Wolpin, Kenneth I., 1989. "Credit Market Constraints, Consumption Smoothing and the Accumulation of Durable Production Assets in Low-Income Countries: Investments in Bullocks in India," Bulletins 7487, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center.
    2. Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi, Ruhi Saith and Frances Stewart, . "Does it matter that we don't agree on the definition of poverty? A comparison of four approaches," QEH Working Papers qehwps107, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    3. Fahmida Khatun & AKM Nazrul Islam, 2010. "Policy Agenda for Addressing Climate Change in Bangladesh : Copenhagen and Beyond," Governance Working Papers 23059, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    4. Ronald U. Mendoza & Nina Thelen, 2008. "Innovations to Make Markets More Inclusive for the Poor," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 26(4), pages 427-458, 07.
    5. Monalisa Chatterjee, 2010. "Slum dwellers response to flooding events in the megacities of India," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 337-353, April.
    6. Michaelowa, Axel & Michaelowa, Katharina, 2005. "Climate or development: Is ODA diverted from its original purpose?," HWWI Research Papers 4-2, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    7. P. Debels & C. Szlafsztein & P. Aldunce & C. Neri & Y. Carvajal & M. Quintero-Angel & A. Celis & A. Bezanilla & D. Martínez, 2009. "IUPA: a tool for the evaluation of the general usefulness of practices for adaptation to climate change and variability," Natural Hazards, International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 50(2), pages 211-233, August.
    8. Bebbington, Anthony, 1999. "Capitals and Capabilities: A Framework for Analyzing Peasant Viability, Rural Livelihoods and Poverty," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(12), pages 2021-2044, December.
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