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Clasificación de la economía colombiana entre actividades transables y no transables


Author Info

  • Deicy Cristiano


  • Anderson Grajales


  • Mario Ramos



En este documento se desarrolla, a partir de los bienes y servicios de las cuentas nacionales, una clasificación de la economía colombiana entre sectores transable y no transable de acuerdo con el grado de orientación a la importación o exportación y con la relación entre los movimientos de sus precios y la tasa de cambio. La metodología ofrece varias ventajas respecto a los métodos de clasificación tradicionales: (i) mayor representatividad del conjunto de bienes y servicios de la economía, (ii) mayor precisión en la estimación del tamaño de cada sector y (iii) un criterio de selección más objetivo. A partir de la clasificación de los productos entre sectores transable y no transable se construyen indicadores de precios para estos sectores (y para los bienes y servicios importados y exportados) con base en los índices de precios del productor, al consumidor y otros indicadores de precios sectoriales. Se presentan dos aplicaciones de estos índices a la economía colombiana: la construcción de un índice de términos de intercambio y de un indicador de tasa de cambio real.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 675.

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Length: 34
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:675

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Keywords: Transable; no transable; PIB; índices de precios. Classification JEL: C43; C82; F10.;

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