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Patterns of consumption in socio-economic models with heterogeneous interacting agents

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  • Giulia Iori

    (University of Essex)

  • Vassilis Koulovassilopoulos

    (University of Athens)

Abstract

We study consumption behaviour in systems with heterogeneous interacting agents. Two different models are introduced, respectively with long and short range interactions among agents. At any time step an agent decides whether or not to consume a good, doing so if this provides positive utility. Utility is affected by idiosyncratic preferences and costs as well as externalities from other agents. Agents are ranked in classes and recognize peer, distinction and aspiration groups. We simulate the system for different choices of the parameters and identify different complex patterns: a steady state regime with a variety of consumption modes of behaviour, and a wave/cycle regime. The cases of fad and value goods are both analyzed.

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File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/cond-mat/9909131
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Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number cond-mat/9909131.

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Date of creation: Sep 1999
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Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:cond-mat/9909131

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Web page: http://arxiv.org/

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  1. Cowan,Robin & Cowan,William & Swann,Peter, 1998. "Waves in Consumption with Interdependence among Consumers," Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) 007, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  2. Aoki,Masanao, 1998. "New Approaches to Macroeconomic Modeling," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521637695.
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