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The Decline In Food Stamp Program Participation In The 1990'S

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Author Info

  • Wilde, Parke E.
  • Cook, Peggy
  • Gundersen, Craig
  • Nord, Mark
  • Tiehen, Laura

Abstract

The Food Stamp Program saw an unprecedented decline in participation from 27.5 million participants in 1994 to 18.2 million participants in 1999. A strong economy and changes in social welfare programs drove this change. An econometric model with State-level data calculated that 35 percent of the caseload decline from 1994 to 1998 was associated with changing economic conditions and 12 percent with program reform and political variables. Household-level data from the Current Population Survey lead to the conclusion that 28 percent of the total change in participation was associated with a decrease in the number of people with low income (below 130 percent of the poverty line)and 55 percent was due to a decline in the proportion of low-income people who participate.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports with number 33793.

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Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uersfa:33793

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Related research

Keywords: Food Stamp Program; welfare reform; economic conditions; caseload dynamics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty;

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Cited by:
  1. Ribar, David C. & Swann, Christopher A., 2013. "If at First You Don't Succeed: Applying for and Staying on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program," Working Papers 13-12, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.
  2. Neeraj Kaushal & Qin Gao, 2011. "Food Stamp Program and Consumption Choices," NBER Chapters, in: Economic Aspects of Obesity, pages 223-247 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Huffman, Sonya Kostova & Jensen, Helen H., 2003. "Do Food Assistance Programs Improve Household Food Security?: Recent Evidence From The United States," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22219, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. Duffy, Patricia A. & Bhattarai, Gandhi Raj & Irimia-Vladu, Marina, 2005. "Regional Differences in Use of Food Stamps and Food Pantries by Low Income Households in the United States," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19420, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  5. Tegegne, Fisseha & Muhammad, Safdar & Ekanem, Enefiok P., 2004. "Factors Affecting Participation In The Food Stamp Program In Tennessee," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 35(01), March.
  6. Ranney, Christine K. & Gomez, Miguel I., 2010. "Food Stamps, Food Insufficiency and Health of the Elderly," Working Papers 126968, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  7. Ejimakor, Godfrey & Acharaeke, Obinna, 2006. "Objective and Subjective Impediments to the Use of Food Stamps by Food-Insecure Households," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 37(01), March.
  8. Huffman, Sonya Kostova & Jensen, Helen H., 2002. "An Empirical Analysis Of Joint Decision On Food Stamp Program, Temporary Assistance For Needy Families And Labor Force Participation," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19824, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  9. Huang, Ying & Huffman, Wallace, 2013. "Forward Looking Decision Making: The Effects of the Food Stamp Program Participation on Women’s Obesity in the NLSY," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150264, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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