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Farming Systems in the Central West of NSW: An Economic Analysis

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  • Patton, Dean A.
  • Mullen, John D.
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    Abstract

    The objectives of this report have been to describe important farming systems in the Central West of NSW, to gain some insights into current financial performance and to examine in more detail the role of pastures in these farming systems at a time when the profitability of wool growing has been low relative to grain growing. While farms and farming systems vary considerably across the region, a majority can be broadly grouped into a mixed livestock and cropping category. Although there is also significant variability within this category, two representative farms and farming systems were developed for the region with the assistance from a small group of farmers and extension staff from NSW Agriculture. One represents the farms and farming systems east of Condobolin and the other represents the farms and farming systems to the west of Condobolin. Whole-farm budget models have been developed for each to provide a description of the farms in this region and an indication of their current profitability. They are useful to give an indication of how farm income might be altered by the introduction of some new technology, a new enterprise such a pulse crop, or an alternative management practice. This report presents some examples of their application but importantly it has provided a template for the development of additional whole-farm budgets for alternative farming systems in this and other regions. Using the whole-farm budget representing farms east of Condobolin, and a linear programming model, PRISM Condobolin, this report shows that the optimal length of pasture is fairly insensitive to changing market signals for both cropping and livestock commodities. It also shows that although length of pasture is insensitive, the optimal mix of enterprises does change, highlighting the importance of considering the interactions between enterprises in whole-farm analysis.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/27998
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists in its series Research Reports with number 27998.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:nswprr:27998

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    Fax: 02-6391 3650
    Web page: http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/10550
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    Related research

    Keywords: Industrial Organization; Production Economics;

    References

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    1. Farquharson, Robert J. & Scott, J. Fiona, 2000. "Analysis of Farming Systems Issues in the Northern Cropping Region of NSW," 2000 Conference (44th), January 23-25, 2000, Sydney, Australia 123644, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
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    Cited by:
    1. Mounter, Stuart W. & Griffith, Garry R. & Piggott, Roley R. & Fleming, Euan M. & Zhao, Xueyan, 2007. "Composition of the National Sheep Flock and Specification of Equilibrium Prices and Quantities for the Australian Sheep and Wool Industries, 2002-03 to 2004-05," Research Reports 37664, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    2. Brennan, John P. & Sykes, John D. & Scott, J. Fiona, 2005. "Trends in Pulse and Oilseed Crops in Winter Cereal Rotations in NSW," Research Reports 42506, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    3. Mullen, John D., 2001. "An Economic Persective On Land Degradation Issues," Research Reports 27999, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    4. Scott, J. Fiona & Farquharson, Robert J. & Mullen, John D., 2004. "Farming Systems in the Northern Cropping Region of NSW: An Economic Analysis," Research Reports 28004, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    5. Orr, Leanne M. & Stevens, Mark M. & Mullen, John D., 2008. "An Evaluation of the Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of NSW DPI Investments in IPM Research in Invertebrate Rice Pests," Research Reports 45632, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    6. Griffith, Garry R. & Vere, David T. & Jones, Randall E., 2006. "Sheep CRC Renewal Proposal: Economic Evaluation of the Proposed Scientific Themes," Research Reports 42656, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    7. O'Donnell, Christopher J. & Griffith, Garry R. & Nightingale, John J. & Piggott, Roley R., 2004. "Testing for Market Power in Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output Industries: The Australian Grains and Oilseeds Industries," Research Reports 28008, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    8. Orr, Leanne M. & McDougall, Sandra & Mullen, John D., 2008. "An Evaluation of the Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of NSW DPI Investments in IPM Research in Lettuce," Research Reports 45631, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    9. Anonymous, 2004. "Evaluations In 2003 Of Five Areas Of Investment In R&D By Nsw Agriculture: Summary," Research Reports 28002, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    10. Davies, Brian Lloyd & Carberry, P.M. & Graham, R.P. & Mullen, John D. & Meaker, G.P., 2007. "StockPlanĀ®: A Decision Aid for Management of Livestock During Drought and Other Times," Research Reports 37666, New South Wales Department of Primary Industries Research Economists.
    11. Patton, Dean A. & Brennan, John P., 2003. "Changed Payment System for Wheat Grades: Consequences for Farming Systems in the Central West of NSW," Australasian Agribusiness Review, University of Melbourne, Melbourne School of Land and Environment, vol. 11.

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