Regulation of Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks
AbstractThis paper provides a systematic review of the economic analysis of health, safety, and environmental regulations. Although the market failures that give rise to a rationale for intervention are well known, not all market failures imply that market risk levels are too great. Hazard warnings policies often can address informational failures. Some market failures may be exacerbated by government policies, particularly those embodying conservative risk assessment practices. Labor market estimates of the value of statistical life provide a useful reference point for the efficient risk tradeoffs for government regulation. Guided by restrictive legislative mandates, regulatory policies often strike a quite different balance with an inordinately high cost per life saved. The risk-risk analysis methodology enables analysts to assess the net safety implications of policy efforts. Inadequate regulatory enforcement and behavioral responses to regulation may limit their effectiveness, while rising societal wealth will continue to generate greater levels of health and safety.
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risk; regulation; value of statistical life; health and safety; environment; risk-risk analysis; benefit-cost analysis; cost effectiveness;
Other versions of this item:
- Viscusi, W. Kip, 2006. "Regulation of Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks," Working paper 307, Regulation2point0.
- W. Kip Viscusi, 2006. "Regulation of Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks," NBER Working Papers 11934, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- K - Law and Economics
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