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Banking Internationalisation and the Expansion Strategies of European Banks to Brazil during the 1990s

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  • Morten Balling
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  • Luiz Fernando de Paula

Abstract

This paper aims at analysing the determinants of the recent wave of European banks to Brazil under the context of the recent phase of banking internationalisation. In its first part, it analyses the process of banking internationalisation from both analytical and historical approach. Focusing on the determinants of the banking internationalisation process, the paper shows that (i) the recent wave of banking internationalisation is characterised not only for financial institutions following their existing relationships, but also and increasingly by a greater integration with the local market; (ii) banks operating in countries where the banking sector is larger and more profitable should be able to export a superior skill and are more likely to expand their activities abroad. The second part of the paper examines the determinants of the expansion of European banks in Brazil, as well as the expansion strategy of the four major European banks in Latin America - BSCH, BBVA, HSBC and ABN-Amro. In this regard, it shows that the recent wave of European banks entering Latin America and Brazil is determined by a set of different factors, that includes the process of restructuring the banking sector under the EMU; the dynamics of the internationalisation of the Spanish banks, since they have been the main players in the recent influx of foreign banks into Latin America; the process of market deregulation in the region since early 1990s, in the broader context of economic and political reforms; the better prospects of the region for increasing returns to financial institution compared to developed countries, as well as the potential gains in efficiency. Besides, it also shows that one of the common features of the four major European banks in Latin America - BSCH, BBVA, HSBC and ABN-Amro - is that all the top 4 are big universal banks that choose to expand abroad as a strategy to expand their activities. More precisely, expanding abroad is not only a source of diversification of earnings, but also a way to strengthen their position in the European banking market under the pressure of economic and monetary union.

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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum in its series SUERF Studies with number 18 and published in 2002.

ISBN: 978-3-902109-10-1
Handle: RePEc:erf:erfstu:18

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Related research

Keywords: multinational banks; European banks; banking internationalisation; Brazil;

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References

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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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  1. Mauro F. Guillén & Adrian E. Tschoegl, 1999. "At Last the Internationalization of Retail Banking? The Case of the Spanish Banks in Latin America," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 99-41, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  2. Alexandre Lamfalussy, 2001. "Reflections on the Regulation of European Securities Markets," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  3. George Gelauff & Corina den Broeder, 1997. "Governance of stakeholder relationships: The German and Dutch experience," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  4. by Thomas Reininger & Franz Schardax & Martin Summer, 2002. "Financial System Transition in Central Europe: The First Decade," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  5. M.M.G. Fase, 2001. "Investments in Painting: The interaction of monetary return and psychic income," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 13 edited by Morten Balling.
  6. Joseph Bisignano, 1998. "Towards an Understanding of the Changing Structure of Financial Intermediation: An Evolutionary Theory of Institutional Survival," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  7. Cem Karacadag & Michael Taylor, 2000. "The New Capital Adequacy Framework," IMF Working Papers 00/93, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Alexandre Lamfalussy, 2001. "Reflections on the Regulation of European Securities Markets," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 14 edited by Morten Balling.
  9. David T. Llewellyn, 1999. "The New Economics of Banking," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 5 edited by Morten Balling.
  10. M.M.G. Fase & W.F.V. Vanthoor, 2000. "The Federal Reserve System Discussed: A Comparative Analysis," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  11. David Llewellyn, 1999. "The New Economics of Banking," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  12. Sanjiva Prasad & Christopher J. Green & Victor Murinde, 2001. "Company Financing, Captial Structure, and Ownership: A Survey, and Implications for Developing Economies," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 12 edited by Morten Balling.
  13. Bank for International Settlements, 2001. "The banking industry in the emerging market economies: competition, consolidation and systemic stability," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 04, May.
  14. Helmut Wagner, 2002. "Implications of Globalization for Monetary Policy," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 17 edited by Morten Balling.
  15. Willem H. Buiter & Clemens Grafe, 2001. "Central Banking and the Choice of Currency Regime in Accession Countries," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  16. Rolf Skog, 1997. "Does Sweden Need a Mandatory Bid Rule? A critical analysis," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  17. Helmut Wagner, 2002. "Implications of Globalization for Monetary Policy," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  18. Cem Karacadag & Michael W. Taylor, 2000. "The New Capital Adequacy Framework - Institutional Constraints and Incentive Structures," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 8 edited by Morten Balling.
  19. John Calverley & Sarah Hewin & Kevin Grice, 2000. "Emerging Stock Markets After the Crisis," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  20. Rolf Skog, 1997. "Does Sweden Need a Mandatory Bid Rule? - A Critical Analysis," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 2 edited by Morten Balling.
  21. Joseph Bisignano, 1998. "Towards an Understanding of the Changing Structure of Financial Intermediation - An Evolutionary Theory of Institutional Survival," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 4 edited by Morten Balling.
  22. G.M.M. Gelauff & C. den Broeder, 1997. "Governance of stakeholder relationships - The German and Dutch experience," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 1 edited by Morten Balling.
  23. Peter R Haiss & Gerhard Fink, 1998. "Seven Years of Financial Market Reform in Central Europe," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Christian Harm, 2002. "Bank management between shareholders and regulators," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  2. Bert Scholtens & Dick van Wensveen, 2003. "The Theory of Financial Intermediation: An Essay On What It Does (Not) Explain," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  3. Paula Bongini, 2003. "The EU Experience in Financial Services Liberalization: A Model for GATS Negotiations?," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  4. Thomas Dalsgaard & Jørgen Elmeskov & Cyn-Young Park, 2002. "Ongoing Changes in the Business Cycle – Evidence and Causes," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  5. Jean-Paul Abraham & Peter Van Dijcke, 2002. "European Financial Cross-Border Consolidation: At the crossroads in Europe? By exception, evolution or revolution?," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.

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