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Stakeholder partnerships as collaborative policymaking: Evaluation criteria applied to watershed management in California and Washington

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Author Info

  • William D. Leach

    (Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, Davis)

  • Neil W. Pelkey

    (Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania)

  • Paul A. Sabatier

    (Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, Davis)

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    Abstract

    Public policymaking and implementation in the United States are increasingly handled through local, consensus-seeking partnerships involving most affected stakeholders. This paper formalizes the concept of a stakeholder partnership, and proposes techniques for using interviews, surveys, and documents to measure each of six evaluation criteria. Then the criteria are applied to 44 watershed partnerships in California and Washington. The data suggest that each criterion makes a unique contribution to the overall evaluation, and together the criteria reflect a range of partnership goals-both short-term and long-term, substantive and instrumental. Success takes time-frequently about 48 months to achieve major milestones, such as formal agreements and implementation of restoration, education, or monitoring projects. Stakeholders perceive that their partnerships have been most effective at addressing local problems and at addressing serious problems-not just uncontroversial issues, as previously hypothesized. On the other hand, they perceive that partnerships have occasionally aggravated problems involving the economy, regulation, and threats to property rights. © 2002 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/pam.10079
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

    Volume (Year): 21 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 645-670

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:21:y:2002:i:4:p:645-670

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    Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/34787/home

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    1. Konisky, David & Beierle, Thomas, 1999. "Public Participation in Environmental Planning in the Great Lakes Region," Discussion Papers, Resources For the Future dp-99-50, Resources For the Future.
    2. Marie Lynn Miranda & James N Miller & Timothy L Jacobs, 2000. "Talking trash about landfills: Using quantitative scoring schemes in landfill siting processes," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(1), pages 3-22.
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    Cited by:
    1. Janmaat, Johannus A., 2007. "Stakeholder Engagement in Land Development Decisions: A Waste of Effort?," MPRA Paper 6147, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Janmaat, John, 2008. "Playing monopoly in the creek: Imperfect competition, development, and in-stream flows," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 455-473, August.
    3. Hung-Chih Hung & Ling-Yeh Chen, 2013. "Incorporating stakeholders’ knowledge into assessing vulnerability to climatic hazards: application to the river basin management in Taiwan," Climatic Change, Springer, Springer, vol. 120(1), pages 491-507, September.
    4. Porter, Madeleine & Franks, Daniel M. & Everingham, Jo-Anne, 2013. "Cultivating collaboration: Lessons from initiatives to understand and manage cumulative impacts in Australian resource regions," Resources Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 657-669.
    5. John Selsky & Barbara Parker, 2010. "Platforms for Cross-Sector Social Partnerships: Prospective Sensemaking Devices for Social Benefit," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 94(1), pages 21-37, July.
    6. Corina Höppner & Rebecca Whittle & Michael Bründl & Matthias Buchecker, 2012. "Linking social capacities and risk communication in Europe: a gap between theory and practice?," Natural Hazards, International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 64(2), pages 1753-1778, November.
    7. Eberhard, Rachel & Johnston, Nathan & Everingham, Jo-Anne, 2013. "A collaborative approach to address the cumulative impacts of mine-water discharge: Negotiating a cross-sectoral waterway partnership in the Bowen Basin, Australia," Resources Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 678-687.
    8. Daniel Sherman, 2005. "Collaborative Environmental Management: What Roles for Government?," Policy Sciences, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 201-204, September.

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