Urban agriculture and poverty reduction: Evaluating how food production in cities contributes to food security, employment and income in Malawi
AbstractSupport of urban agriculture can be used as a route to reducing urban poverty across Sub-Saharan Africa. However policy makers require more precise information on how it contributes to alleviating food insecurity and poverty problems. This study in Malawi's two main cities (Lilongwe and Blantyre) revealed two predominant ‘types’ of urban farmers: (i) low‐income, less educated, often female‐headed households, who use urban agriculture as an insurance against income losses and who can employ skilled workers to support their livestock activities; and (ii) middle‐ and high‐income, often male‐headed households, that undertake urban agriculture for personal consumption and hire significant numbers of unskilled workers. Within the low‐income group, there are some female headed‐households who are now receiving significant income from livestock programmes having been provided with initial external support from a non‐governmental organisation. Our findings suggest a need for a two‐pronged policy approach to try and improve the overall effectiveness of urban agriculture support, namely to (1) target poor women with extension and development project support; and (2) support wealthier farmers to increase the employment opportunities associated with urban agriculture. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of International Development.
Volume (Year): 23 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/5102/home
Malawi ; urban agriculture ; food security ; gender ; employment and poverty ;
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing) or (Christopher F. Baum).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.