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Updated Estimates of the Impact of Prenatal Care on Birthweight Outcomes by Race

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  • Richard G. Frank
  • Donna M. Strobino
  • David S. Salkever
  • Catherine A. Jackson
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    Abstract

    This paper estimates a quasi-structural birthweight production function using data on counties for the years 1975-84. The analysis focuses on the effects of first trimester initiation of prenatal care, controlling for use of abortion services, cigarette smoking, birth order, and income. A fixed-effects model is used to control for unmeasured differences in health endowments of women across counties. The results indicate that early first trimester initiation of prenatal care leads to a reduction in low birthweight for both blacks and whites. Differences in use of prenatal care by race explain only a small part of the black-white differences in the fraction of low birthweight births.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

    Volume (Year): 27 (1992)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 629-642

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    Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:27:y:1992:i:4:p:629-642

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    Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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    Cited by:
    1. Reichman, Nancy E. & Florio, Maryanne J., 1996. "The effects of enriched prenatal care services on Medicaid birth outcomes in New Jersey," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 455-476, August.
    2. Christopher J. Ruhm, 1998. "Parental Leave and Child Health," NBER Working Papers 6554, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Jeffrey J. Rous & R. Todd Jewell & Robert W. Brown, 2004. "The effect of prenatal care on birthweight: a full-information maximum likelihood approach," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(3), pages 251-264.

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