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Industrial Location Of Innovative Activities And Techno-Industrial Clusters: Astructuralist Approach To National Innovation Systems

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  • Stéphane LALLICH

    (ERIC, Université Lyon 2)

  • Christian LE BAS

    ()
    (Institut des Sciences de l'Homme, Lyon)

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    Abstract

    In this paper we suggest a description of National Innovation Systems (NIS) from a structuralist point of view. Two NISs are investigated (French and Italian) with patent data broken down into two dimensions: the industrial sectors which produce them and the technological fields in which the applications belong. Such a matrix provides a map of technological activities. The main results of our analysis are: the distribution of technological activities by industrial sector, the distribution of patents by technological field and the industrial concentration of technological knowledge are similar. Nevertheless, the technological concentration of industrial sectors are very different. NIS effects occur with each country organising its sectoral technological variety in a specific manner. A second body of results concerns techno-industrial "clusters". Three large groups emerge from the two NISs (chemical, electronics, mechanical equipment). They differ in terms of size, form and complexity.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 61-84

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:24:y:2006:p:61-84

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    Related research

    Keywords: PATENTS; TECHNOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES; INDUSTRIAL SECTORS; TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE; LOCALISATION OF INNOVATIONS;

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    References

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    1. Basberg, Bjorn L., 1983. "Foreign patenting in the U.S. as a technology indicator : The case of Norway," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 227-237, August.
    2. Fagerberg, Jan, 1987. "A technology gap approach to why growth rates differ," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 87-99, August.
    3. Patel, Parimal & Pavitt, Keith, 1994. "The continuing, widespread (and neglected) importance of improvements in mechanical technologies," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(5), pages 533-545, September.
    4. Patel, Pari, 1995. "Localised Production of Technology for Global Markets," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 141-53, February.
    5. Carlsson, B & Stankiewicz, R, 1991. "On the Nature, Function and Composition of Technological Systems," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 93-118, April.
    6. Freeman, Chris, 1995. "The 'National System of Innovation' in Historical Perspective," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 5-24, February.
    7. Pavitt, Keith, 1984. "Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 343-373, December.
    8. Scherer, F. M., 1983. "The propensity to patent," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 107-128, March.
    9. Basberg, Bjorn L., 1982. "Technological change in the Norwegian whaling industry : A case-study in the use of patent-statistics as a technology indicator," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 163-171, June.
    10. Archibugi, Daniele & Pianta, Mario, 1994. "Aggregate Convergence and Sectoral Specialization in Innovation," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 17-33, March.
    11. K. Pavitt & P. Patel, 1990. "L'accumulation technologique en France : ce que les statistiques de brevets tendent à montrer," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(1), pages 10-32.
    12. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-71, September.
    13. Malerba, Franco & Orsenigo, Luigi, 1995. "Schumpeterian Patterns of Innovation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 47-65, February.
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