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The New Economic Geography, Now Middle-aged

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  • Paul Krugman

Abstract

Krugman P. The New Economic Geography, now middle-aged, Regional Studies. This paper claims that the New Economic Geography has now become 'middle-aged'. On the one hand, the New Economic Geography is said to be of less relevance when describing current developments in advanced economies because it focuses more on tangible causes of the spatial concentration of economic activities, and not so much on intangible sources, such as information spillovers. On the other hand, the paper states that recent developments in developing economies like China are quite in line with the core-periphery model that predicts increasing regional specialization as a result of economic integration. Although both economists and geographers study these spatial processes, no fruitful exchange between the two is expected because of the use of different methodologies. [image omitted] Krugman P. La nouvelle geographie economique atteint l'age mur, Regional Studies. Cet article pretend que la nouvelle geographie economique atteint 'l'age mur'. D'un cote, on dit que la nouvelle geographie economique est peu pertinente quant aux developpements des economies avancees parce qu'elle porte plutot sur les causes manifestes de la concentration geographique des activites economiques que sur les sources indefinissables, telles les retombees de l'information. De l'autre cote, l'article affirme que des developpements recents dans les economies avancees, voire la Chine, sont tout a fait en accord avec le modele du centre-peripherie, qui prevoit une augmentation de la specialisation regionale suite a l'integration economique. Bien que les economistes et les geographes etudient ces processus geographiques, on n'attend aucun debat constructif a cause des methodologies differentes. Nouvelle geographie economique Agglomeration Regions Commerce international Krugman P. Die Neue Wirtschaftsgeografie - inzwischen im mittleren Alter, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird die These aufgestellt, dass sich die Neue Wirtschaftsgeografie inzwischen im mittleren Alter befindet. Einerseits gilt die Neue Wirtschaftsgeografie als weniger relevant zur Beschreibung von aktuellen Entwicklungen in den Industriestaaten, weil sie sich starker auf die greifbaren Ursachen der raumlichen Konzentration von Wirtschaftsaktivitaten und weniger auf nicht greifbare Quellen wie z.�B. Informationsubertragungen konzentriert. Andererseits wird in diesem Beitrag festgestellt, dass die jungsten Entwicklungen in Schwellenlandern wie China durchaus dem Kern-Peripherie-Modell entsprechen, in dem eine hohere regionale Spezialisierung als Ergebnis einer wirtschaftlichen Integration prognostiziert wird. Obwohl diese raumlichen Prozesse sowohl von Okonomen als auch von Geografen untersucht werden, ist aufgrund der Verwendung unterschiedlicher Methodologien kein fruchtbarer Austausch zwischen diesen beiden Gruppen zu erwarten. Neue Wirtschaftsgeografie Agglomeration Regionen Internationaler Handel Krugman P. La Nueva Geografia Economica ahora ya ha madurado, Regional Studies. En este articulo se defiende la tesis de que la Nueva Geografia Economica ahora ya ha madurado. Por una parte, la Nueva Geografia Economica tiene menos relevancia cuando se describen los desarrollos actuales en las economias avanzadas porque se centra mas en las causas tangibles de la concentracion espacial de las actividades economicas y no tanto en las fuentes intangibles, tales como los desbordamientos de informacion. Por otra parte, en este articulo destaco que los recientes avances en las economias en desarrollo como China se ajustan mucho con el modelo centro-periferia que preve una mayor especializacion regional como resultado de la integracion economica. Aunque tanto economistas como geografos estudian estos procesos espaciales, no se espera un intercambio fructifero entre los dos debido al uso de diferentes metodologias. Nueva Geografia Economica Aglomeracion Regiones Comercio internacional

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-7

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:1:p:1-7

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Keywords: New Economic Geography; Agglomeration; Regions; International trade;

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Cited by:
  1. Ron Boschma & KOen Frenken, 2010. "The emerging empirics of evolutionary economic geography," Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS) working paper series 10-10, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS), revised Nov 2010.
  2. Kaitila, Ville, 2013. "Specialisation and/or Convergence: Structure of European Exports and Production," ETLA Working Papers 12, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  3. Bosker, Maarten & Brakman, Steven & Garretsen, Harry & Schramm, Marc, 2010. "Relaxing Hukou: Increased labor mobility and China’s Economic Geography," CEPR Discussion Papers 8106, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Banister, David, 2012. "Viewpoint: Assessing the reality—Transport and land use planning to achieve sustainability," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 5(3), pages 1-14.
  5. Jan Kluge & Robert Lehmann, 2012. "Marshall or Jacobs? Answers to an unsuitable question from an interaction model," Ifo Working Paper Series ifo Working Paper No. 124, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  6. Van-Ilya, Andrei, 2012. "Spatial Allocation of Economy as a Fiber Bundle," MPRA Paper 40820, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Josean Garrués Irurzun & Juan Antonio Rubio Mondéjar, 2011. "Redes empresariales e integración económica regional en perspectiva histórica: el caso de Andalucía," FEG Working Paper Series 04/11, Faculty of Economics and Business (University of Granada).
  8. Rafael Alvarado & Miguel Atienza, 2014. "The role of market access and human capital in regional wage disparities: Empirical evidence for Ecuador," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 52, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2014.
  9. Jan Kluge & Robert Lehmann, 2013. "Marshall or Jacobs? New insights from an interaction model," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 107-133, October.
  10. Francesca Barbiero & Michael Blanga-Gubbay & Valeria Cipollone & Koen De Backer & Sébastien Miroudot & Alexandros Ragoussis & André Sapir & Reinhilde Veugelers & Erkki Vihriälä & Guntram B, . "Manufacturing Europeâ??s future," Blueprints, Bruegel, number 795, June.

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