Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Proximity and Innovation through an 'Accessibility to Knowledge' Lens

Contents:

Author Info

  • Nadine Massard
  • Caroline Mehier

Abstract

Massard N. and Mehier C. Proximity and innovation through an 'accessibility to knowledge' lens, Regional Studies. The aim of this paper is to improve understanding of the spatial diffusion process of knowledge in terms of accessibility, and also to elaborate a new measurement and evaluation tools adapted to a concrete estimation of these phenomena. This approach offers ways of giving an operational content to the concept of proximity. The 'potential functions' used to measure geographical accessibility is enriched with the integration of the characteristics of knowledge diffusion, namely sources of externalities/knowledge, ways of transmission, and absorptive capacity. The paper especially focuses on the relational and strategic dimensions of proximity by using some developments from social networks analysis. Such an approach leads to new empirical models for estimating the determinants of accessibility to knowledge. [image omitted] Massard N. et Mehier C. Proximite et innovation: une approche par l'accessibilite aux connaissances, Regional Studies. Le but de cet article est a la fois d'ameliorer notre comprehension des processus de diffusion spatiale des connaissances et d'elaborer de nouvelles mesures et outils d'evaluation adaptes a une estimation concrete de ces phenomenes en termes d'accessibilite. L'approche en termes d'accessibilite aux connaissances ouvre la voie a une operationalisation du concept de proximite. Aux � fonctions de potentiel � utilisees pour mesurer la proximite geographique nous integrons les caracteristiques de la diffusion des connaissances, a savoir les sources d'externalites/de connaissances ainsi que les moyens de transmission et la capacite d'absorption. En l'occurrence, nous mettons tout particulierement l'accent sur les dimensions relationnelle et strategique de la proximite en mobilisant certains developpements de l'analyse des reseaux sociaux. Une telle approche suggere de nouveaux modeles empiriques d'estimation des determinants de l'accessibilite aux connaissances. Diffusion de connaissances Accessibilite Proximite geographique Proximite sociale Reseaux Massard N. und Mehier C. Nahe und Innovation durch das Objektiv eines 'Zugangs zum Wissen', Regional Studies. Mit diesem Beitrag wird versucht, das Verstandnis fur den raumlichen Diffusionsprozess des Wissens im Hinblick auf den Zugang zu verbessern und neue Mess- und Bewertungsinstrumente zu entwickeln, die sich fur eine konkrete Schatzung dieser Phanomene eignen. Dieser Ansatz bietet die Moglichkeit, dem Konzept der Nahe einen funktionalen Inhalt zu verleihen. Wir erganzen die zur Messung des geografischen Zugangs verwendeten 'Potenzialfunktionen' durch die Integration der Merkmale der Wissensdiffusion, namlich der Quellen von Externalitaten bzw. Wissen, der Ubertragungswege sowie der Absorptionskapazitat. Insbesondere konzentrieren wir uns auf die relationalen und strategischen Dimensionen der Nahe, wofur wir einige Entwicklungen aus der sozialen Netzwerkanalyse nutzen. Ein solcher Ansatz fuhrt zu neuen empirischen Modellen zur Schatzung der Determinanten eines Zugangs zum Wissen. Wissensdiffusion Zugang Geografische Nahe Soziale Nahe Netzwerke Massard N. y Mehier C. Proximidad e innovacion, vistas a traves del objetivo de 'acceder al conocimiento', Regional Studies. El objetivo de este ensayo es conocer a fondo cual es el proceso de divulgacion espacial de los conocimientos en cuanto a la accesibilidad, y elaborar nuevas herramientas de medicion y evaluacion adaptadas para calcular concretamente estos fenomenos. Este enfoque ofrece modos de aportar un contenido operativo al concepto de proximidad. Mejoramos las 'funciones potenciales' usadas para medir la accesibilidad geografica con la integracion de las caracteristicas de la divulgacion de conocimientos, es decir las fuentes de efectos externos/conocimientos, los modos de transmision y la capacidad absorbente. Prestamos especial atencion a las dimensiones relacionales y estrategicas de proximidad usando algunos avances de los analisis de las redes sociales. Esto nos lleva a nuevos modelos empiricos para calcular los determinantes del acceso al conocimiento. Divulgacion del conocimiento Accesibilidad Proximidad geografica Proximidad social Redes

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00343400701808881
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 77-88

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:1:p:77-88

Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/CRES20

Order Information:
Web: http://www.tandfonline.com/pricing/journal/CRES20

Related research

Keywords: Knowledge diffusion; Accessibility; Geographical proximity; Social proximity; Networks;

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Eric BROUILLAT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Yannick LUNG (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2010. "Spatial distribution of innovative activities and economic performances: A geographical-friendly model," Cahiers du GREThA 2010-11, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  2. Cilem Selin Hazir & Corinne Autant-Bernard, 2012. "Using Affiliation Networks to Study the Determinants of Multilateral Research Cooperation Some empirical evidence from EU Framework Programs in biotechnology," Working Papers halshs-00697556, HAL.
  3. Gurrieri, Antonia Rosa, 2013. "Networking entrepreneurs," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 193-204.
  4. Cilem Selin Hazir & Corinne Autant-Bernard, 2012. "Using Affiliation Networks to Study the Determinants of Multilateral Research Cooperation Some empirical evidence from EU Framework Programs in biotechnology," Working Papers 1212, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure.
  5. Maris CORIS (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Jean-Bernard LAYAN (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Damien TALBOT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Spatial dynamics of firms (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-20, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  6. Olivier Bouba-Olga & Marie Ferru, 2012. "Does Geographical Proximity Still Matter?," Working Papers hal-00725073, HAL.
  7. Cilem Selin Hazir, 2011. "Conceptualizing the Role of Geographical Proximity in Project Based R&D Networks: A Literature Survey," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1616, European Regional Science Association.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:1:p:77-88. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael McNulty).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.