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Foreign Direct Investment and the Formation of Global City-Regions in China

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  • Simon Zhao
  • L. Zhang
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    Abstract

    Zhao S. X. B. and Zhang L. (2007) Foreign Direct Investment and the formation of global city-regions in China, Regional Studies 41, 979-994. FDI inflows have redrawn the map of China's geo-economy, reinforcing spatial clustering of economy. Currently, certain Chinese urbanized regions along the Pacific coast, notably the Pearl River Delta region (PRD) in South China, the Yangtze River Delta region (YRD) in Southeast China and the Bohai Rim region (BRR) in North China, have become the agglomerative centres for a variety of the Fordist-style of manufacturing operation. As a strong outward linkage is the major engine of growth in those extended metropolitan regions, they are often labelled as global city-regions. This paper attempts to provide a more comprehensive explanation of the questions about how global city-regions have come into being and what processes have interacted to produce global city-regions in China, focusing on the period shortly before and after China's accession into the WTO. After reviewing the extant theoretical perspectives, this paper attempts to construct the trajectory of Chinese global city-region growth based mainly on empirically derived knowledge on FDI in China with investigation on both external and internal dynamics. Zhao S. X. B. et Zhang L. (2007) L'investissement direct etranger et l'etablissement de cites-regions mondiales en Chine, Regional Studies 41, 979-994. L'afflux d'IDE a redessine la carte geo-economique de la Chine, renforcant l'agglomeration geographique de son economie. A l'heure qu'il est, certaines regions urbanisees de la Chine situees le long de la cote du Pacifique, notamment la region du Pearl River Delta (PRD) dans la Chine du Sud, la region du Yangtze River Delta (YRD) dans la Chine du Sud-Est, et la region de la Bohai Rim (BRR) dans la Chine du Nord, sont devenues les centres d'agglomeration pour toute une serie d'activites industrielles du type fordiste. Etant donne que des liens externes s'averent la force motrice de la croissance dans ces zones metropolitaines etendues, ces dernieres sont souvent classees comme cites-regions mondiales. Cet article cherche a fournir une explication plus detaillee des origines des cites-regions mondiales et des actions reciproques qui ont vu naitre les cites-regions en Chine, portant sur la periode juste avant et apres l'adhesion de la Chine a l'OMC. Apres avoir fait la critique des apercus theoriques existants, on cherche a dessiner le chemin de la croissance des cites-regions en Chine, principalement a partir des connaissances empiriques a propos de l'IDE en Chine, tout en examinat a la fois les dynamiques externe et interne. IDE Cites-regions mondiales OMC Chine Zhao S. X. B. und Zhang L. (2007) Auslandische Direktinvestitionen und die Entstehung globaler Stadtregionen in China, Regional Studies 41, 979-994. Durch den Zufluss von auslandischen Direktinvestitionen hat sich das Bild der chinesischen Geookonomie gewandelt und die raumliche Clusterbildung in der Wirtschaft verstarkt. Heute sind in China bestimmte urbanisierte Regionen entlang der Pazifikkuste zu agglomerativen Zentren fur die verschiedensten produzierenden Betriebe im fordistischen Stil geworden, insbesondere die Region des Pearl River Delta in Sudchina, die Region des Yangtze River Delta in Sudostchina und die Bohai-Rim-Region in Nordchina. Da starke Verbindungen nach aussen in diesen erweiterten metropolitanen Regionen der wichtigste Wachstumsmotor sind, werden diese Regionen oft als globale Stadtregionen bezeichnet. In diesem Beitrag wird versucht, eine umfassendere Erklarung fur die Fragen zu liefern, wie globale Stadtregionen entstanden sind und welche Wechselwirkungen von Ablaufen in China globale Stadtregionen hervorgebracht haben. Hierbei konzentrieren wir uns auf den Zeitraum unmittelbar vor und nach der Aufnahme von China in die WTO. Nach einer Uberprufung der bestehenden theoretischen Perspektiven versuchen wir, den Werdegang des Wachstums der globalen Stadtregionen von China zu rekonstruieren, wobei wir uns in erster Linie auf empirisch gewonnene Informationen uber auslandische Direktinvestitionen in China stutzen und sowohl externe als auch interne Dynamiken untersuchen. Auslandische Direktinvestitionen Globale Stadtregionen WTO China Zhao S. X. B. y Zhang L. (2007) Inversion directa extranjera y la creacion de ciudades region globales en China, Regional Studies 41, 979-994. Las entradas de IDE han modificado el mapa geoeconomico de China reforzando la aglomeracion espacial de la economia. Algunas regiones chinas urbanizadas hoy dia en la costa del Pacifico, especialmente al sur en el delta del rio Pearl, al sureste en el delta del rio Yangtze y al norte en la region Bohai Rim, se han convertido en los centros de aglomeracion para toda una serie de actividades manufactureras al estilo Fordista. Puesto que un solido vinculo externo representa el principal motor de crecimiento en estas regiones metropolitanas ampliadas, las regiones con frecuencia se denominan ciudades region globales. La finalidad de este ensayo es explicar de un modo mas exhaustivo el por que y como estas regiones se han convertido en ciudades region globales en China y que procesos han sido determinantes para este desarrollo, poniendose especial enfasis en el periodo poco antes y despues de la entrada de China en la OMC. Tras revisar las perspectivas teoricas actuales, intentamos analizar la trayectoria del crecimiento en China de las ciudades region globales basada principalmente en conocimientos derivados sobre la IDE investigando las dinamicas tanto externas como internas. IDE Ciudades region globales OMC China

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 979-994

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:7:p:979-994

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    Related research

    Keywords: FDI; Global city-regions; WTO; China;

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    Cited by:
    1. Steven Poelhekke & Frederick Van der Ploeg, 2008. "Globalization and the Rise of Mega-Cities in the Developing World," CESifo Working Paper Series 2208, CESifo Group Munich.

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