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Globalization and the Death of the Local Firm? The Automobile Components Sector in South Africa

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  • Justin Barnes
  • Raphael Kaplinsky
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    Abstract

    BARNES J. and KAPLINSKY R. (2000) Globalization and the death of the local firm? The automobile components sector in South Africa, Reg. Studies 34 , 797-812. As in the case of many developing countries, South African industry is facing a new competitive environment as trade barriers fall. This involves both the need to enter external markets and to cope with new entrants in the domestic market. In the case of the South African automobile assembly industry, responding to this new global environment has increasingly meant that domestic subsidiaries are being integrated into the global strategic operations of their parent companies. This is increasingly leading them to the foreign sourcing of components, in part because of perverse and unintended consequences of the Motor Industry Development Plan. Where local production of components is involved, there is decreasing space for locally-owned component suppliers and almost no space for component suppliers using local technology. South African component suppliers are thus increasingly being relegated to highly competitive niches in mature technologies in external after-markets, making them vulnerable to exchange rates. BARNES J. and KAPLINSKY R. (2000) La mondialisation et la mort de l'entreprise locale?: les equipementiers en Afrique du Sud, Reg. Studies 34 , 797-812. Comme c'est le cas dans beaucoup des pays developpes, l'industrie en Afrique du Sud affronte un nouveau climat competitif au fur et a mesure du demantelement des barrieres tarifaires. Cela implique le besoin de prendre pied sur les marches exterieurs et de faire face aux nouveaux investisseurs etrangers qui arrivent sur le marche interieur. De plus en plus, repondre a ce nouveau climat international veut dire pour les equipementiers en Afrique du Sud l'integration croissante des filiales dans les activites strategiques internationales de leur maison-mere. Petit a petit, cela a entraine la recherche de fournisseurs etrangers pour se procurer des pieces detachees, en partie a cause des consequences illogiques et non voulus du Plan en faveur du developpement de l'indutrie automobile. La ou la production locale de pieces detachees est en jeu, il y a moins de possibilites pour les equipementiers autochtones et pas de possibilites presque pour les equipementiers qui se servent de la technologie locale. Par la suite, les equipementiers en Afrique du Sud se voient releguer de plus en plus aux creneaux tres competitives des technologies mures dans des marches secondaires externes, ce qui les rend vulnerables aux taux de change. BARNES J. und KAPLINSKY R. (2000) Globalisierung und das Ende der einheimischen Firma? Der Automobilkomponentensektor in Sudafrika, Reg. Studies 34 , 797-812. Wie viele Entwicklungslander, sieht sich auch Sudafrika bei der Aufhebungvon Handelsschranken einerneuen Wettbewerbslage gegenuber. Es ergibt sich sowohl die Notwendigkeit, in auswartige Markte einzusteigen, als es auch mit den neuen Einsteigern im einheimischen Market aufzunehmen. Im Falle der sudafrikanischen Automobilmontageindustrie hat die Reaktion auf diese neue globale Lage dazu gefuhrt, dass einheimische Tochtergesellschaften in die globalen strategischen Betriebsplane ihrer Muttergesellschaften einbezogen werden. Dies fuhrt sie zunehmend zu auslandischen Bezugsquellen fur einzelne Maschinenteile, zum Teil wegen abwegiger und unbeabsichtigter Folgen des Entwicklungsplans der Automobilindustrie. Wo es um einheimische Herstellung einzelner Maschinenteile geht, ist immer weniger Raum fur in einheimischem Besitz befindliche Maschinenteillieferungen und fast gar kein Raum fur auf ortsansassige Technologie gestutzte. Sudafrikanische Maschinenteillieferanten werden somit zunehmend in stark wettbewerbsbestimmte Situationen in voll entwickelten Technologien in auslandischen Kundendienstmarkten abgeschoben, wobei sie den jeweiligen Wechselkursen wehrlos ausgesetzt sind.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 797-812

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:9:p:797-812

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    Keywords: Globalization; Competition; Ownership; Technology; South Africa; Automotive;

    References

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    1. David Sadler, 1999. "Internationalization and Specialization in the European Automotive Components Sector: Implications for the Hollowing-out Thesis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 109-119.
    2. Kaplinsky, Raphael & Morris, Mike, 1999. "Trade Policy Reform and the Competitive Response in Kwazulu Natal Province, South Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 717-737, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Andrea Morrison & Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti, 2008. "Global Value Chains and Technological Capabilities: A Framework to Study Learning and Innovation in Developing Countries," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 39-58.
    2. Mañé Estrada, Aurèlia & Soldevila Lafon, Maria Victòria & Cámara Arilla, Carmen de la & Puig Gómez, Albert, 2012. "New stakeholders, spaces and instruments of analysis in the context of energy relationships: Case studies from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan," Working Papers 2072/203154, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    3. Lorentzen, Jochen, 2005. "The absorptive capacities of South African automotive component suppliers," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1153-1182, July.
    4. Morris, Mike & Kaplinsky, Raphael & Kaplan, David, 2012. "“One thing leads to another”—Commodities, linkages and industrial development," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 408-416.
    5. Lila Truett & Dale Truett, 2006. "Production and costs in the South African motor vehicle industry," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(20), pages 2381-2392.

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