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The Challenges Facing Landlocked Developing Countries

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  • Michael Faye
  • John McArthur
  • Jeffrey Sachs
  • Thomas Snow
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    Abstract

    In spite of technological improvements in transport, landlocked developing countries continue to face structural challenges to accessing world markets. As a result, landlocked countries often lag behind their maritime neighbours in overall development and external trade. While the relatively poor performance of many landlocked countries can be attributed to distance from coast, this paper argues that several aspects of dependence on transit neighbours are also important. Four such types of dependence are discussed: dependence on neighbours' infrastructure; dependence on sound cross-border political relations; dependence on neighbours' peace and stability; and dependence on neighbours' administrative practices. These factors combine to yield different sets of challenges and priorities in each landlocked country. The paper concludes with a brief set of policy recommendations. A detailed appendix presents maps and regional overviews that outline key challenges facing the landlocked countries in each region.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Journal of Human Development and Capabilities.

    Volume (Year): 5 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 31-68

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:jhudca:v:5:y:2004:i:1:p:31-68

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    Related research

    Keywords: Globalization; Landlocked countries; Geography; Transit; Transport; Conflict; Markets; Economy;

    References

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    1. MacKellar, Landis & Woergoetter, Andreas & Woerz, Julia, 2000. "Economic Development Problems of Landlocked Countries," Transition Economics Series 14, Institute for Advanced Studies.
    2. Canning, David, 1998. "A database of world infrastructure stocks, 1950-95," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1929, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:
    1. Popov, V., 2012. "Why the West got Rich Before Other Countries and Why China is Catching Up With the West Today? New Answer to the Old Question," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 35-64.
    2. Mark Lewis & Jean-Claude Nachega & Said Bakhache & Kadima D. Kalonji, 2006. "Assessing Competitiveness After Conflict," IMF Working Papers 06/303, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Szirmai, Adam, 2008. "Explaining Success and Failure in Development," MERIT Working Papers 013, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    4. Fortun Vargas, Jonathan M., 2012. "Declining inequality in Bolivia: How and Why," MPRA Paper 41208, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Lio, Monchi & Liu, Meng-Chun, 2008. "Governance and agricultural productivity: A cross-national analysis," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 504-512, December.
    6. World Bank, 2012. "Central African Republic Public Expenditure Review : Creating Fiscal Space to Transition Out of Fragility Through Growth and Poverty Reduction," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13239, The World Bank.
    7. Portugal-Perez, Alberto & Wilson, John S., 2009. "Why trade facilitation matters to Africa," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(03), pages 379-416, July.
    8. Nasery, Jawid Ahmad, 2014. "The Economic Shock to Afghanistan Caused by Aid Reduction and Troops Withdrawal," IEE Working Papers 202, Institut fuer Entwicklungsforschung und Entwicklungspolitik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum.
    9. repec:gen:geneem:12302 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Stefan Sperlich & Yvonne Sperlich, 2012. "Growth and Convergence in South–South Integration Areas: Empirical Evidence," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 12032, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
    11. Yaroslava Babych & Michael Fuenfzig, 2012. "An Application of the Growth Diagnostics Framework: The Case of Georgia," Working Papers 001-12, International School of Economics at TSU, Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia.
    12. Harry G. Broadman, 2005. "From Disintegration to Reintegration : Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union in International Trade," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7511.
    13. Dick Nuwamanya Kamuganga, 2012. "Does Intra-Africa Regional Trade Cooperation Enhance Africa’s Export Survival?," IHEID Working Papers 16-2012, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
    14. P. Dorian Owen & Stephen Knowles, 2008. "Which Institutions are Good for Your Health? The Deep Determinants of Comparative Cross-country Health Status," Working Papers 0811, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2008.
    15. Matsumoto, Makiko.0, 2006. "Report of the school-to-work transition survey in Kyrgyzstan," ILO Working Papers 397567, International Labour Organization.
    16. DE BORGER, Bruno & VERARDI, Vincenzo, 2008. "Estimating the direct costs of social conflicts: Road blockings in Bolivia," Working Papers 2008013, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
    17. Dominguez-Torres, Carolina & Foster, Vivien, 2011. "The Central African Republic's infrastructure : a continental perspective," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5697, The World Bank.
    18. Lykke E. Andersen & Osvaldo Nina, 2007. "Geographical Constraints to Growth in Bolivia," Development Research Working Paper Series 05/2007, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
    19. Ilhem Baghdadli & Bernard Harborne & Tania Rajadel, 2008. "Breaking the Cycle : A Strategy for Conflict-Sensitive Rural Growth in Burundi," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6459.
    20. Vladimir Popov, 2009. "Why the West Became Rich before China and Why China Has Been Catching Up with the West since 1949: nother Explanation of the “Great Divergence” and “Great Convergence” Stories," Working Papers w0132, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).

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