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The Distributional Effects of U.S. Textile and Apparel Protection

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  • Kenneth Hanson
  • Kenneth Reinert

Abstract

A number of studies have estimated the effects of U.S. textile and apparel protection. Most of these studies have not addressed the impact of these protective measures on the distribution of household income. This paper addresses the income distribution issue using a computable general equilibrium model of the United States with a disaggregated household sector. We find that liberalization of textile and apparel import restraints improves the real income of all household categories, but does so more for higher income households. Therefore, liberalization of these protective measures will be slightly regressive. [F13, F14]

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File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10168739700000015
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal International Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 11 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 1-12

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Handle: RePEc:taf:intecj:v:11:y:1997:i:3:p:1-12

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References

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  1. Jacobson, Louis S & LaLonde, Robert J & Sullivan, Daniel G, 1993. "Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(4), pages 685-709, September.
  2. Trela, Irene & Whalley, John, 1990. "Global Effects of Developed Country Trade Restrictions on Textiles and Apparel," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(403), pages 1190-1205, December.
  3. Devarajan, Shantayanan & Rodrik, Dani, 1991. "Pro-competitive effects of trade reform : Results from a CGE model of Cameroon," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 1157-1184, July.
  4. Kala Krishna & Refik Erzan & Ling Hui Tan, 1991. "Rent Sharing in the Multi-Fibre Arrangement: Theory and Evidence from US Apparel Imports from Hong Kong," NBER Working Papers 3673, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Maneschi, Andrea, 1990. "Income Distribution and Shadow Pricing in Open Economies," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 66(192), pages 23-31, March.
  6. Gary Burtless, 1995. "International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 800-816, June.
  7. Kenneth A. Reinert, 1993. "Textile and Apparel Protection in the United States: A General Equilibrium Analysis," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(3), pages 359-376, 05.
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Cited by:
  1. Peter Walkenhorst, 2004. "Liberalising Trade in Textiles and Clothing: A Survey of Quantitative Studies," International Trade 0401007, EconWPA.
  2. Meenu Tiwari, 2006. "The Role of Price and cost Competitiveness in Apparel Exports, post MFA: A Review," Working Papers id:485, eSocialSciences.
  3. Robert Shelburne, 2006. "A Utilitarian Welfare Analysis of Trade Liberalization," ECE Discussion Papers Series 2006_4, UNECE.

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