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India's National and Regional Innovation Systems: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations for Policy Makers


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  • Pankaj Sharma
  • Srinivasa B. S. Nookala
  • Anubhav Sharma
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    There is a need for continuous reforms in India's infrastructure, innovation culture and dynamic leadership to sustain the growth of innovation. The purpose of this empirical study is to gain a better understanding of India's innovation systems. A comprehensive analysis has been done on two levels: on both a national level and a regional level. First, the section about the national level explores and explains the challenges and opportunities of India's innovation capacity using a semi-structured questionnaire of the practitioners. Second, the section about the regional level discusses the clusters formed within India through a mapping of industrial firms, educational/research institutions and innovation parks. Both an empirical activity framework and a functional-based conceptual framework have been presented to highlight the themes of “building-upgrading-promoting” and “democracy-culture-infrastructure”. Finally, this paper makes a theoretical contribution by providing a conceptual framework for studying India's innovation system and giving recommendations to policy makers about sustaining the innovation.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Industry and Innovation.

    Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 6 (August)
    Pages: 517-537

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:19:y:2012:i:6:p:517-537

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    Cited by:
    1. Lee Branstetter & Guangwei Li & Francisco Veloso, 2014. "The Rise of International Co-invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.


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