Business expenditures on R&D and trade performances in Australia: is there a link?
AbstractThis article, empirically examines the dynamic causal link between business research and development (R&D) expenditures and trade performance in Australia. Based on cointegration and error-correction modelling, Granger causality tests, variance decomposition and impulse response functions are used for this purpose. The results show that a long-run relationship exists between the trade variables and R&D expenditure and a unidirectional causality run from R&D expenditure to exports, imports and net exports. Further, the variance decomposition and impulse response functions confirm that, a significant portion of fluctuations in the trade variables beyond the sample period is explained by R&D expenditure. Therefore, government policies that lift expenditures on business R&D are shown to contribute to the narrowing of Australia's chronic trade deficits.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.
Volume (Year): 41 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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- Kishor Sharma & Pemasiri J. Gunawardana, 2012. "The role of price and nonprice factors in predicting Australia's trade performance," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(21), pages 2679-2686, July.
- Ruhul A. Salim & Shuddhasattwa Rafiq & A. F. M. Kamrul Hassan, 2008. "Causality And Dynamics Of Energy Consumption And Output: Evidence From Non-Oecd Asian Countries," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 33(2), pages 1-26, December.
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