Causality between advertising and sales: new evidence from cointegration
AbstractIt is puzzling that previous studies have found causality only in one direction from sales to advertising, but not the reverse. Employing the sequential causality tests of Toda Phillips (1993), the casual relationship between advertising and sales appears to run in both directions. This finding provides evidence that conventional causality tests can be misleading.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics Letters.
Volume (Year): 3 (1996)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/RAEL20
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- Wipo, 2013. "World Intellectual Property Report 2013 - Brands: Reputation and Image in the Global Marketplace," WIPO Economics & Statistics Series, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, number 2013:944, March.
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