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The effects of gender control on fertility and children`s consumption

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Author Info

  • James B. Davies

    (Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada N6A 5C2)

  • Junsen Zhang

    (Department of Economics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong (Fax:)

Abstract

Effects of sex preference on investments in children`s human capital, bequests and fertility are studied, with and without sex selection, in a model based on parental altruism. Both pure sex preference, a feature of the parental utility function, and indirect preference, which arises from gender-related differences in earnings opportunities, are examined. When there is no gender control the impact of pure sex preference is seen in smaller consumption for daughters than for sons. However, when gender control is exerted, sex preference raises the sex ratio and it is possible that sisters may, on average, consume no less than their more numerous brothers. In an example of the model with specific functional forms, parents who practise gender control have larger families than if sex selection techniques were unavailable. The effect is magnified if sons` earnings opportunities are better than daughters`. JEL classification: D11, J13, J16

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 10 (1997)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 67-85

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:10:y:1997:i:1:p:67-85

Note: Received August 31, 1995 / Accepted May 2, 1996
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Related research

Keywords: Sex preferences · sex selection · fertility · children`s consumption;

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Cited by:
  1. Michael Leung & Junsen Zhang, 2008. "Gender preference, biased sex ratio, and parental investments in single-child households," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 91-110, June.
  2. repec:ese:iserwp:2002-24 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Claus C Pörtner, 2010. "Sex Selective Abortions, Fertility and Birth Spacing," Working Papers UWEC-2010-04-R, University of Washington, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2010.
  4. N. Picard-Tortorici, 2000. "An Original Framework for Studying Dynamic Fertility Models," THEMA Working Papers 2000-05, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  5. Christine Barnet-Verzat & François-Charles Wolff, 2003. "Choix d’éducation et composition par sexe de la fratrie," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 157(1), pages 97-118.

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