The effects of gender control on fertility and children`s consumption
AbstractEffects of sex preference on investments in children`s human capital, bequests and fertility are studied, with and without sex selection, in a model based on parental altruism. Both pure sex preference, a feature of the parental utility function, and indirect preference, which arises from gender-related differences in earnings opportunities, are examined. When there is no gender control the impact of pure sex preference is seen in smaller consumption for daughters than for sons. However, when gender control is exerted, sex preference raises the sex ratio and it is possible that sisters may, on average, consume no less than their more numerous brothers. In an example of the model with specific functional forms, parents who practise gender control have larger families than if sex selection techniques were unavailable. The effect is magnified if sons` earnings opportunities are better than daughters`. JEL classification: D11, J13, J16
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.
Volume (Year): 10 (1997)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Note: Received August 31, 1995 / Accepted May 2, 1996
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Other versions of this item:
- Davis, J.B. & Zhang, J., 1996. "The effects of Gender Control on Fertility and Children's Consumption," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers 9604, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
- D11 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Theory
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
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- N. Picard-Tortorici, 2000. "An Original Framework for Studying Dynamic Fertility Models," THEMA Working Papers 2000-05, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
- Mukherjee, Diganta, 2002. "A new measure of gender bias," ISER Working Paper Series 2002-24, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
- Claus C Pörtner, 2010. "Sex Selective Abortions, Fertility and Birth Spacing," Working Papers UWEC-2010-04-R, University of Washington, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2010.
- Michael Leung & Junsen Zhang, 2008. "Gender preference, biased sex ratio, and parental investments in single-child households," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 91-110, June.
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