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Sun Belt Rising: Regional Population Change and the Decline in Black Residential Segregation, 1970–2009

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  • John Iceland

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  • Gregory Sharp
  • Jeffrey Timberlake
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    Abstract

    The goal of this study is to examine the extent to which population shifts over the post–Great Migration period and divergent trends in segregation across regions contributed to the overall decline in black segregation in the United States in recent decades. Using data from the 1970 to 2000 decennial censuses and the 2005–2009 American Community Survey (ACS), our analysis indicates that black dissimilarity and isolation declined more in the South and West than in the Northeast and Midwest. Nevertheless, regional population shifts account for only a modest amount (8 % to 12 %) of the decline in black-white segregation over the period and for an even smaller proportion of the decline in black-nonblack segregation, in part because the largest declines in segregation occurred in the West while the region with the largest relative increase in the black population was the South. Using more refined census divisions rather than census regions provided some additional explanatory power (shifts across divisions explained 15 %–16 % of the decline in black-white segregation): divisions with larger gains in their share of the black population tended to have larger declines in black segregation. Overall, although the effect of the regional redistribution of the black population on declines in segregation was significant, of even greater importance were other causes of substantial declines in segregation in a wide array of metropolitan areas across the country, and especially in the West, over the past 40 years. Copyright Population Association of America 2013

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s13524-012-0136-6
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Demography.

    Volume (Year): 50 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 (February)
    Pages: 97-123

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:demogr:v:50:y:2013:i:1:p:97-123

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/13524

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    Related research

    Keywords: Residential segregation; Racial inequality; Regional change; Population redistribution;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. John Logan & Brian Stults & Reynolds Farley, 2004. "Segregation of minorities in the metropolis: two decades of change," Demography, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 1-22, February.
    2. C. Hamilton, 1964. "The negro leaves the south," Demography, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 273-295, March.
    3. William Frey & Reynolds Farley, 1996. "Latino, Asian, and black segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas: Are multiethnic metros different," Demography, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 35-50, February.
    4. John Iceland & Melissa Scopilliti, 2008. "Immigrant residential segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas, 1990–2000," Demography, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 79-94, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. John Iceland & Gregory Sharp, 2013. "White Residential Segregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Conceptual Issues, Patterns, and Trends from the U.S. Census, 1980 to 2010," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 32(5), pages 663-686, October.
    2. Daniel Lichter, 2013. "Integration or Fragmentation? Racial Diversity and the American Future," Demography, Springer, vol. 50(2), pages 359-391, April.

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