Spatial Differences in Manufacturing Firm Births and Deaths and Local Economic Conditions: Evidence from Pennsylvania
AbstractThis study uses county-level manufacturing data (1985-1994) from Pennsylvania to investigate the spatial variation of relationships among manufacturing firm births, deaths, and certain local economic variables suggested by the theoretical literature. To do this, a panel data vector autoregressive method is employed, which, unlike the more customary models of studies of this nature, allows for, among other things, full interdependence among all variables and makes adjustment for omitted-variable bias related to "area-specific" effects. The results, which in some cases confirm and in others contradict those of some of the leading studies on the issue, reveal a rich network of interactions among the variables that indicate that firm births and deaths and local economic conditions are mutually driven. The main conclusion drawn from the results is that firm birth rates and, hence, economic growth, are highest in those counties with: (i) a relatively high proportion of small firms; (ii) lower unemployment; (iii) a growing market demand; (iv) a lower-than-average school property tax rate; (v) a higher-than-average quality of public education; and (vi) some urban agglomeration advantages. Some of the implications of the findings for local economic development strategy are considered.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Southern Regional Science Association in its journal The Review of Regional Studies.
Volume (Year): 30 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 (Fall)
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- Cole, Ismail M., 2014. "Short- and long-term growth effects of special interest groups in the U.S. states: A dynamic panel error-correction approach," MPRA Paper 54455, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 02 Mar 2014.
- Simon CONDLIFFE & William R. LATHAM, 2006.
"Not So Footloose After All: Locational Behavior Of Information Technology Establishments In The United States, 1989-1998,"
Region et Developpement,
Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 24, pages 45-60.
- William R. Latham & Simon Condliffe, 2005. "Not So Footloose after All: Locational Behavior of Information Technology Establishments in the United States, 1989-1998," Working Papers 05-15, University of Delaware, Department of Economics.
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