Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Transitional Behavior of Government Debt Ratio on Growth: The Case of OECD Countries

Contents:

Author Info

  • Chang, Tsangyao

    ()
    (Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan)

  • Chiang, Gengnan

    (Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan.)

Abstract

We revisit how the government debt ratio and real GDP growth relationship varies with indebted levels and two macroeconomic control variables, unemployment rate and inflation rate, in a balanced panel of 19 OECD countries over the period 1993-2007, after the signing of the EU Treaty in Maastricht on February 7, 1992. The empirical results indicate that there is one threshold value of 97.82%, which divides our sample into two regimes. The mean of the real GDP growth rates in the left regime is 1.16% higher than that in the right regime. The significantly positive marginal effects of government debt ratio on real GDP growth in both left and right regimes are consistent with the stimulus view (Eisner, 1992). Neither “debt overhang” nor “debt irrelevance” exists in these OECD countries. Our findings also show that there is a significantly negative marginal effect of unemployment rate on real GDP growth in the left regime, but significantly positive in the right regime. This positive nexus between the unemployment rate and real GDP growth in the right regime is inconsistent with Okun’s Law. Meanwhile, there is a significantly negative impact of inflation rate on real GDP growth in the left regime, but non-significantly negative in the right regime. The transitional behavior from the right to the left regime in Belgium in 2006 and in Canada in 1998 is good example for the highly indebted countries, such as Italy and Japan. Therefore, our empirical findings have important implications for fiscal policymakers, not only in these OECD countries but also in the rest of world.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.ipe.ro/rjef/rjef2_12/rjef2_2012p24-37.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institute for Economic Forecasting in its journal Romanian Journal for Economic Forecasting.

Volume (Year): (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 24-37

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:rjr:romjef:v::y:2012:i:2:p:24-37

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Casa Academiei, Calea 13, Septembrie nr.13, sector 5, Bucureşti 761172
Phone: 004 021 3188148
Fax: 004 021 3188148
Email:
Web page: http://www.ipe.ro/
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: real GDP growth; government debt ratio; unemployment rate; inflation rate; debt overhang; debt irrelevance; stimulus view; Okun’s Law; panel Smooth Transition Regression model; OECD countries;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Hansen, B.E., 1991. "Inference when a Nuisance Parameter is Not Identified Under the Null Hypothesis," RCER Working Papers 296, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  2. Barro, Robert J, 1989. "The Ricardian Approach to Budget Deficits," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 37-54, Spring.
  3. Barro, Robert J., 1979. "On the Determination of the Public Debt," Scholarly Articles 3451400, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  4. Benjamin M. Friedman, 1985. "Crowding Out or Crowding In? Evidence on Debt-Equity Substitutability," NBER Working Papers 1565, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Barro, Robert J, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-43, May.
  6. Fok, Dennis & van Dijk, Dick & Franses, Philip Hans, 2005. "Forecasting aggregates using panels of nonlinear time series," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 785-794.
  7. González, Andrés & Teräsvirta, Timo & van Dijk, Dick, 2005. "Panel Smooth Transition Regression Models," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 604, Stockholm School of Economics.
  8. Jansen, Eilev S & Terasvirta, Timo, 1996. "Testing Parameter Constancy and Super Exogeneity in Econometric Equations," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 58(4), pages 735-63, November.
  9. Bruce E. Hansen, 2000. "Sample Splitting and Threshold Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(3), pages 575-604, May.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Ruthira Naraidoo & Leroi Raputsoane, 2013. "Debt sustainability and financial crises in South Africa," Working Papers 201352, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  2. Hemantha Kumara & Nawalage S. Cooray, 2013. "Public Debt and Economic Growth in Sri Lanka: Is There Any Threshold Level for Pubic Debt?," Working Papers EMS_2013_22, Research Institute, International University of Japan.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rjr:romjef:v::y:2012:i:2:p:24-37. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Corina Saman).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.