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Los servicios de los ecosistemas de la Reserva de Biosfera Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta

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Author Info

  • Sandra P. Vilardy

    ()
    (Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta, Colombia)

  • José A. González

    ()
    (Laboratorio de Socioecosistemas, Departamento de Ecología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

  • Berta Martín-López

    ()
    (Laboratorio de Socioecosistemas, Departamento de Ecología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

  • Elisa Oteros-Rozas

    ()
    (Laboratorio de Socioecosistemas, Departamento de Ecología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

  • Carlos Montes

    ()
    (Laboratorio de Socioecosistemas, Departamento de Ecología, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

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    Abstract

    La Reserva de Biosfera Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (RB-CGSM) es un complejo sistema de humedales marino costeros que presenta una marcada interdependencia en su funcionamiento. Estos ecosistemas interactúan con varias poblaciones humanas asentadas en el territorio mediante el suministro de servicios de los ecosistemas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar los servicios de los ecosistemas de la RB-CGSM que son percibidos por diferentes actores. Se realizaron entrevistas semi-estructuradas para conocer la percepción del suministro de servicios de los ecosistemas, sus tendencias de cambio y cómo son valorados. Se obtuvieron 777 respuestas que fueron tipificadas en 34 categorías de las cuales el 55% corresponden a servicios de abastecimiento, 43% a servicios culturales y el 2% fueron servicios de regulación. Se determinó que la oferta de aproximadamente la mitad de ellos ha disminuido (43,9%) o desaparecido (4,6%) y tres cuartas partes de los servicios percibidos tienen gran importancia al ser considerados como esenciales (46,8%) o muy importantes (28,5%) para los entrevistados. Los resultados constituyen una base de conocimiento necesaria para el análisis de las implicaciones del uso de los servicios, así como para establecer directrices de gestión orientadas a mantener un flujo sostenible de servicios esenciales para el bienestar humano.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica in its journal Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica.

    Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
    Issue (Month): (December)
    Pages: 66-83

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    Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev19_06

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    Postal: Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
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    Web page: http://www.redibec.org
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    Related research

    Keywords: Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta; percepción social; Reserva de Biosfera; servicios de los ecosistemas.;

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    1. Wilson, Matthew A. & Howarth, Richard B., 2002. "Discourse-based valuation of ecosystem services: establishing fair outcomes through group deliberation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 431-443, June.
    2. Ian Bateman & Georgina Mace & Carlo Fezzi & Giles Atkinson & Kerry Turner, 2011. "Economic Analysis for Ecosystem Service Assessments," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(2), pages 177-218, February.
    3. Turner, R. Kerry & van den Bergh, Jeroen C. J. M. & Soderqvist, Tore & Barendregt, Aat & van der Straaten, Jan & Maltby, Edward & van Ierland, Ekko C., 2000. "Ecological-economic analysis of wetlands: scientific integration for management and policy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 7-23, October.
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