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Ouverture et développement. Considérations d'économie politique

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  • François Bourguignon
  • Thierry Verdier

Abstract

[fre] Le modèle présenté dans cet article est basé sur l'idée que l'éducation augmente la productivité et la participation politique des citoyens. Une oligarchie capitaliste est supposée détenir initialement le pouvoir dans une économie en développement où la masse des travailleurs est peu éduquée. Lorsque l'économie est fermée, il peut être dans l'intérêt de l'oligarchie d'éduquer les masses et éventuellement d'abdiquer son pouvoir politique si l'éducation des travailleurs contribue à augmenter la rentabilité du capital. En revanche, cette incitation disparaît si l'économie est ouverte aux capitaux étrangers. L'article étudie les coûts et les bénéfices de l'ouverture pour les divers agents et pour la collectivité nationale. [eng] Openness and development: a political economy perspective. . This paper presents a model in which education affects simultaneously individual productivity and political participation. A capitalist oligarchy initially holds political power in a developing economy where the majority of workers are uneducated. When the economy is closed, it can be in the interest of the capitalist Elite to subsidize the education of the workers in order to increase the domestic return on capital. This incentive however disappears when the economy becomes open to foreign capital flows. The paper investigates the costs and benefits of openness from the point of view of the various agents and the national economy as a whole.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 495-506

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_3_410331

Note: DOI:10.2307/3502864
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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Cited by:
  1. Christophe Ehrhart, 2009. "The effects of inequality on growth: a survey of the theoretical and empirical literature," Working Papers 107, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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