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Analyses des évolutions récentes de l'espace rural


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  • Jean Cavailhès
  • Cécile Dessendre
  • Bertrand Schmitt
  • Florence Goffette-Nagot


[fre] Cet article propose une analyse économique de la "renaissance rurale" française. Dans un premier temps, les flux de migrations, résidentielles ou professionnelles, sont analysés dans un cadre micro-économique. Puis on examine la régression de l'agriculture, le maintien de l'industrie rurale et les demandes croissantes d'espaces et de biens ruraux résidentiels, récréatifs et d'environnement. L'analyse de ces évolutions est faite en termes d'avantages comparatifs, tenant compte des ressources, des fonctions de production et de consommation, des coûts de transport. Enfin la répartition des activités rurales est expliquée par des mécanismes keynésiens induisant des emplois selon une spatialisation en aires de marchés. Celles-ci restructurent l'espace en bassins d'emploi, hiérarchisés et polarisés. [eng] Change in the countryside : some analytical propositions . The paper proposes an economic analysis of the french "rural renaissance". In a first time, residential and occupational mobility and commuting systems are examined within a microeconomic framework. Agriculture is being cut back while rural industry remains stable. Demand for residential, recreational and environmental rural goods is growing. The analysis is conduced by developing the comparative advantage concept (local resources, transport costs, spatialized production and consumption functions). Then a keynesian mechanism of employment inducement within market areas is called upon to explain the distribution of activities. These changes suggest new structures for local labour market areas that are spatially and hierarchically polarised.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

Volume (Year): 223 (1994)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 13-19

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1994_num_223_1_4673

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1994.4673
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