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Les salaires en 1985

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  • Michel Glaude
  • Patrice Hernu
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    Abstract

    [fre] Depuis 1983, les conditions de la négociation salariale se sont modifiées. Les hausses de salaires ne dégagent plus de gain systématique de pouvoir d'achat. Mais le taux de salaire horaire des ouvriers a crû plus vite que les prix entre décembre 1984 et décembre 1 985, en raison du brusque ralentissement des prix de la fin de l'année. 1 985 marque aussi une pause dans l'alourdissement des charges sociales. . De 1 981 à 1 985, pour l'ensemble des salariés des secteurs privé et semi-public, le pouvoir d'achat du salaire moyen a baissé de 1 ,8 % si l'on raisonne à structure constante des effectifs par catégorie. Mais des avancements ont eu lieu, servant d'ailleurs parfois à contourner la limitation de la hausse des salaires, les employeurs accordant des reclassements au lieu de simples augmentations. En outre, les restructurations industrielles ont provoqué de fortes baisses d'effectifs pour les catégories les moins qualifiées. Du fait de ces glissements, le pouvoir d'achat du salaire net moyen s'est accru de 1,2% entre 1980 et 1985. . Pendant cette même période, la croissance des salaires a été forte en bas de la hiérarchie. Mais elle a, semble-t-il, également été forte à l'autre extrême. [eng] Salaries in 1985 - Since 1983, salary négociation conditions have changed. Raises no longer bring about systematic gains in buying power. Workers' hourly wage, however, increased more rapidly than did prices between december 1984 and december 1985, due to a sudden slowing of the increase of prices at the year's end. 1985 was also marked by a pause in the increase of social costs. . From 1 981 to 1 985, where the total number of salaried employees in the private and semi- public sectors were concerned, the buying power of the average salary dropped 1 ,8 %, calculated on the constant structure of the labor force by category. But promotions took place, serving sometimes to circumvent the limitation of raises, given that employers granted regradings instead of mere raises. Moreover, industrial restructuring provoked significant drops in the number of the members of the labor force in the least skilled categories. Because of these shifts, the buying power of the net average salary increased by 1,2% between 1980 and 1985. . During this same period, salary increases were significant at the bottom of the hierarchy. But, they were also significant, it would seem, at the other end. [spa] Los salarios en 1985 - Desde 1 983, las condiciones de negociación salarial se fueron modificando. Las subidas de salarios ya no proporcionan ganancias sistemáticas de poder adquisitivo. Mas las tarifas de salarios por hora de los obreros se fueron elevando mas rapidamente que los precios entre diciembre de 1 984 y diciembre de 1985 a raiz de la brusca ralentización de los precios a fines de año. 1985 se señala tambien por una pausa en el peso de las cargas sociales. . De 1981 a 1985, para el conjunto de los asalariados de los sectores privado y semi- público el poder adquisitivo del salario medio bajô en un 1,8 % si se interpreta en estructura constante de la fuerza laboral por categoria. Mas se registraron ascensos, los que a veces permiten esquivar la limitación de subida de salarios, ya que los patronos conceden nuevas clasificaciones en lugar de simples aumentos de sueldo. Además, las reestructuraciones industriales acarrearon intensas bajas con relación a categorias menos cualificadas. Debido a ello, el poder adquisitivo del salario neto medio se incrementó en un 1,2% entre 1980 y 1985. . Durante este mismo periodo, el incrementô salarial fué de consideración respecto a la parte baja de la jerarquia. Mas fué también de consideración en el otro extreme

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 188 (1986)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 3-22

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1986_num_188_1_2456

    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1986.2456
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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