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How Firms Respond to Business Cycles: The Role of Firm Age and Firm Size

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  • Teresa C Fort
  • John Haltiwanger
  • Ron S Jarmin
  • Javier Miranda

Abstract

There remains considerable debate in the theoretical and empirical literature about the differences in the cyclical dynamics of firms by firm size. This paper contributes to the debate in two ways. First, the key distinction between firm size and firm age is introduced. The evidence presented in this paper shows that young businesses (that are typically small) exhibit very different cyclical dynamics than small/older businesses. The second contribution is to present evidence and explore explanations for the finding that young/small businesses were hit especially hard in the Great Recession. The collapse in housing prices accounts for a significant part of the large decline of young/small businesses in the Great Recession.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal IMF Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 61 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 520-559

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Handle: RePEc:pal:imfecr:v:61:y:2013:i:3:p:520-559

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References

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  1. Simon Gilchrist & Vladimir Yankov & Egon Zakrajsek, 2009. "Credit Market Shocks and Economic Fluctuations: Evidence from Corporate Bond and Stock Markets," NBER Working Papers 14863, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  10. John C. Haltiwanger & Ron S. Jarmin & Javier Miranda, 2010. "Who Creates Jobs? Small vs. Large vs. Young," NBER Working Papers 16300, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Julian di Giovanni & Andrei A. Levchenko & Isabelle Méjean, 2013. "Firms, destinations, and aggregate fluctuations," Economics Working Papers 1387, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2014.
  2. Yongseok Shin & Roberto Fattal Jaef & Francisco J. Buera, 2010. "The Anatomy of a Credit Crunch," 2010 Meeting Papers 1190, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Ying Fan & Kai-Uwe Kühn & Francine Lafontaine, 2013. "Financial Constraints and Moral Hazard: The Case of Franchising," CESifo Working Paper Series 4474, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Barnett, Alina & Chiu, Adrian & Franklin, Jeremy & Sebastia-Barriel, Maria, 2014. "The productivity puzzle: a firm-level investigation into employment behaviour and resource allocation over the crisis," Bank of England working papers 495, Bank of England.
  5. Tanja Hethey-Maier & Johannes F. Schmieder, 2013. "Does the Use of Worker Flows Improve the Analysis of Establishment Turnover? Evidence from German Administrative Data," NBER Working Papers 19730, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Paige Ouimet & Rebecca Zarutskie, 2011. "Who Works for Startups? The Relation between Firm Age, Employee Age, and Growth," Working Papers 11-31, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  7. Lucia Foster & Cheryl Grim & John Haltiwanger, 2013. "Reallocation In The Great Recession: Cleansing Or Not?," Working Papers 13-42, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  8. Emek Basker & Javier Miranda, 2014. "Taken By Storm: Business Survival In The Aftermath Of Hurricane Katrina," Working Papers 14-20, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  9. Manuel Adelino & Song Ma & David T. Robinson, 2014. "Firm Age, Investment Opportunities, and Job Creation," NBER Working Papers 19845, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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