Fertility, Contraceptive Choice, and Public Policy in Zimbabwe
AbstractZimbabwe has invested massively in public infrastructure since independence in 1980. The impact of these investments on demographic outcomes is examined using household survey data matched with two community level surveys. A woman's education is a powerful predictor of both fertility and contraceptive use. These relationships are far from linear and have changed shape in recent years. After controlling for household resources, both the availability and quality of health and family planning services have an important impact on the adoption of modern contraceptives. In particular, outreach programs such as mobile family planning clinics and community-based distributors (CBD) have been especially successful. However, not all women are equally served by this infrastructure. For example, CBDs have a bigger impact on younger, better educated women, while mobile fertility planning clinics appear to have more success with older, less educated women. Copyright 1996 by Oxford University Press.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by World Bank Group in its journal World Bank Economic Review.
Volume (Year): 10 (1996)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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Other versions of this item:
- Thomas, D. & Maluccio, J., 1996. "Fertility, Contraceptive Choice, and Public Policy in Zimbabwe," Papers 96-08, RAND - Reprint Series.
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
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- Maluccio, John A., 1998. "Endogeneity of schooling in the wage function," FCND discussion papers 54, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- Osili, Una Okonkwo & Long, Bridget Terry, 2008.
"Does female schooling reduce fertility? Evidence from Nigeria,"
Journal of Development Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 57-75, August.
- Una Okonkwo Osili & Bridget Terry Long, 2007. "Does Female Schooling Reduce Fertility? Evidence from Nigeria," NBER Working Papers 13070, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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