Expected Utility and the Truncated Normal Distribution
AbstractThis article demonstrates that: (1) When a normally distributed decision variable is combined with an analytic utility function (one with derivatives of all orders and a power series expansion involving those derivatives), the expected utility can be expressed in powers of \mu and \sigma 2 . (2) In the case of the normal model, when the tails of the distribution do not reflect reality in the mind of a decision-maker, a truncated normal model is a possible alternative. (3) If the appropriate model is the truncated normal distribution, then the expected utility is approximately a linear function of \mu and \sigma for several important classes of risk averse utility functions. (4) The negative exponential is an especially useful utility function since it has a simple closed form for both the truncated and nontruncated models, and since it gives an ordering similar to those of the log, arctangent or power utility functions.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.
Volume (Year): 26 (1980)
Issue (Month): 9 (September)
finance: capital budgeting; utility/preference: applications;
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