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Capital Adequacy, Cost Income Ratio and the Performance of Saudi Banks (2007-2011)

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  • Ahmad Aref Almazari

    ()
    (King Saud University-RCC)

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    Abstract

    This paper examines the relationship between Capital adequacy and profitability. Necessary data were gathered from the financial statements of nine Saudi banks listed in the stock exchange market over the period of 2007-2011. The results of analyzing the data based on the implementation of linear regression technique reveals that there is a meaningful relationship between capital adequacy, cost-income ratio and bank size with profitability. Profitability represented in this study by the return on assets and return on equity has a negative relationship with capital adequacy. It was also found that Saudi banks efficiency as measured by the cost-income ratio is negatively related to bank profitability. The essence of capital adequacy enhances bank profitability and help in reducing the expected costs of financial distress, including bankruptcy.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences in its journal International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 4 (October)
    Pages: 284-293

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    Handle: RePEc:hur:ijaraf:v:3:y:2013:i:4:p:284-293

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    Web page: http://hrmars.com/index.php/pages/detail/Accounting-Finance-Journal

    Related research

    Keywords: Capital Adequacy (CA); Cost Income Ratio (CIR); Return On Assets (ROA); Return On Equity (ROE); Debt to equity (DE);

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    1. Allen Berger, 1994. "The Relationship Between Capital and Earnings in Banking," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 94-17, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    2. Molyneux, Philip & Thornton, John, 1992. "Determinants of European bank profitability: A note," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 1173-1178, December.
    3. Fadzlan Sufian & Royfaizal Razali Chong, 2008. "Determinants of Bank Profitability in a Developing Economy: Empirical Evidence from the Philipinnes," Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance, Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, vol. 4(2), pages 91-112.
    4. Saibal Ghosh & D. M. Nachane & Aditya Narain & Satyananda Sahoo, 2003. "Capital requirements and bank behaviour: an empirical analysis of Indian public sector banks," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 145-156.
    5. Ho, Shirley J. & Hsu, Su-Chu, 2010. "Leverage, performance and capital adequacy ratio in Taiwan's banking industry," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 264-272, December.
    6. Athanasoglou, Panayiotis & Delis, Manthos & Staikouras, Christos, 2006. "Determinants Of Bank Profitability In The South Eastern European Region," MPRA Paper 10274, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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