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Vertical Tax Competition with Tax Sharing and Equalization Grants

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Author Info

  • Lisa Grazzini

    ()
    (University of Florence)

  • Alessandro Petretto

    ()
    (University of Florence)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse how vertical fiscal externalities affect local tax policies within a federal country. According to the theoretical literature on fiscal federalism, the direction of this impact is ambiguous, although a complementarity between the two tax policies, federal and local, tends to prevail. Our main result shows instead that, with a more general system of financing local public expenditure, federal and local policies tend more easily to be strategic substitutes. Such a result is obtained within a federation where local public expenditures are financed through three different tax instruments: a surtax on the local fiscal base, a revenue sharing, and an equalization grant. This financing system is rather general and in some sense similar to that provided by the recently reformed Italian Constitution.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University in its journal Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia.

Volume (Year): 65 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (May)
Pages: 75-94

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Handle: RePEc:gde:journl:gde_v65_n1_p75-94

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Related research

Keywords: fiscal federalism; fiscal externality; vertical tax competition;

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References

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  1. B. Dahlby & L. S. Wilson, 1994. "Fiscal Capacity, Tax Effort, and Optimal Equalization Grants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(3), pages 657-72, August.
  2. Motohiro Sato, 2000. "Fiscal Externalities and Efficient Transfers in a Federation," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 119-139, March.
  3. Michael Keen, 1997. "Vertical Tax Externalities in the Theory of Fiscal Federalism," IMF Working Papers 97/173, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Alessandro Petretto, 2000. "On the cost-benefit of the regionalisation of the National Health Service," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 213-232, December.
  5. Francesca Gastaldi & Paolo Liberati, 2005. "The Personal Income Tax in Italy: Why Does It Change?," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 64(2-3), pages 159-188, November.
  6. FIGUIÈRES, Charles & HINDRIKS, Jean & MYLES, Gareth D., . "Revenue sharing versus expenditure sharing in a federal system," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1683, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  7. Andersson, Linda & Aronsson, Thomas & Wikström, Magnus, 2001. "Testing for Vertical Fiscal Externalities," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 573, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  8. Goodspeed, Timothy J., 2002. "Tax competition and tax structure in open federal economies: Evidence from OECD countries with implications for the European Union," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 357-374, February.
  9. Roger H. Gordon, 1982. "An Optimal Taxation Approach to Fiscal Federalism," NBER Working Papers 1004, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Bev Dahlby & Jack Mintz & Sam Wilson, 2000. "The deductibility of provincial business taxes in a federation with vertical fiscal externalities," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(3), pages 677-694, August.
  11. David E. Wildasin, 2004. "The Institutions of Federalism: Toward an Analytical Framework," Public Economics 0403006, EconWPA.
  12. Dahlby, Bev & Wilson, Leonard S., 2003. "Vertical fiscal externalities in a federation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(5-6), pages 917-930, May.
  13. Sam Bucovetsky & Michael Smart, 2006. "The Efficiency Consequences of Local Revenue Equalization: Tax Competition and Tax Distortions," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 8(1), pages 119-144, 01.
  14. Goodspeed, Timothy J., 2000. "Tax structure in a federation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(3), pages 493-506, March.
  15. Michael Keen & Christos Kotsogiannis, 2003. "Leviathan and Capital Tax Competition in Federations," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 5(2), pages 177-199, 04.
  16. Michael J. Keen & Christos Kotsogiannis, 2002. "Does Federalism Lead to Excessively High Taxes?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(1), pages 363-370, March.
  17. Lee, Young & Gordon, Roger H., 2005. "Tax structure and economic growth," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(5-6), pages 1027-1043, June.
  18. Michael Smart, 1998. "Taxation and Deadweight Loss in a System of Intergovernmental Transfers," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(1), pages 189-206, February.
  19. Alejandro Esteller-Moré & Albert Solé-Ollé, 2002. "Tax Setting in a Federal System: The Case of Personal Income Taxation in Canada," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 235-257, May.
  20. Richard A. Musgrave, 1961. "Approaches to a Fiscal Theory of Political Federalism," NBER Chapters, in: Public Finances: Needs, Sources, and Utilization, pages 97-134 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Lisa Grazzini & Alessandro Petretto, 2012. "Voting on devolution in a federal country with a bicameral national system," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 51-72, March.

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