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A Systems Dynamics Approach to Explore Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Link in the City of Accra, Ghana

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Author Info

  • Frederick A. Armah

    ()
    (Department of Environmental Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana)

  • David O. Yawson

    ()
    (School of Agriculture, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana)

  • Alex A. N. M. Pappoe

    ()
    (Department of Environmental Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana)

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    Abstract

    Economic development and urbanization poses myriad challenges to transportation systems in relation to negative externalities such as traffic congestion and environmental health risks. Accra, the capital of Ghana, faces mounting urban planning problems, for example traffic congestion, air pollution, traffic safety, and land use planning, among others. The paper aims to provide a system dynamics perspective of the problems. Most of the drivers and cause-effect relationships of traffic congestion and its attendant air pollution are investigated and analyzed using causal loop diagrams. The paper further suggests mechanisms by which the negative externalities associated with road transport in the city of Accra can be addressed.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 252-265

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:1:p:252-265:d:6803

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    Related research

    Keywords: traffic congestion; atmospheric pollution; policy; system dynamics; urban planning; Ghana;

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