Order Flow, Trading Costs and Corporate Acquisition Announcements
AbstractThe bid-ask spread is an important element of investors' transactions costs. Theoretical papers decompose the spread into adverse selection, inventory cost, and order processing cost components. The order processing cost component compensates the stock exchange specialist for providing immediacy to buyers and sellers. The inventory cost component compensates the specialist for the risk of holding an inventory of a stock. The inventory component is larger for high-priced stocks, stocks which trade infrequently, and stocks with a relatively uncertain value. This study focuses on the adverse selection component of the spread, which compensates the specialist for losses to traders who have inside information. Prior theoretical work suggests that the adverse selection component will be larger, the greater the proportion of traders who have private information. The specialist will widen the spread in response to a perceived increase in the probability that the next trader is privately informed. Prior studies also suggest that privately informed traders will generally trade larger amounts than uninformed traders. Consequently, trade size should impart information about the probability that a trader is privately informed.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Financial Management Association in its journal Financial Management.
Volume (Year): 21 (1992)
Issue (Month): 4 (Winter)
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- Andriy Bodnaruk & Massimo Massa & Andrei Simonov, 2009.
"Investment Banks as Insiders and the Market for Corporate Control,"
Review of Financial Studies,
Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(12), pages 4989-5026, December.
- Bodnaruk, Andriy & Massa, Massimo & Simonov, Andrei, 2008. "Investment Banks as Insiders and the Market for Corporate Control," CEPR Discussion Papers 6953, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Cheng, Louis & Firth, Michael & Leung, T.Y. & Rui, Oliver, 2006. "The effects of insider trading on liquidity," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 467-483, November.
- Marcus Clements & Harminder Singh & Antonie Van Eekelen, 2007. "Trading in Target Stocks Before Takeover Announcements: An Analysis of Stock and Option Markets," Accounting, Finance, Financial Planning and Insurance Series 2007_20, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
- Clements, Marcus & Singh, Harminder, 2011. "An analysis of trading in target stocks before successful takeover announcements," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 1-17, February.
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