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The transition to consumption taxation, part 1: the impact on existing capital

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  • Alan D. Viard

Abstract

Alan Viard reviews the transitional impact on existing capital from replacing the income tax with a consumption tax. This replacement generally reduces the real value of existing capital because it does not receive the tax relief given to new investment. If the income and consumption taxes had stylized forms and capital were produced without adjustment costs, the proportional decline would equal the consumption tax rate--a 25 percent tax would uniformly reduce the value of existing capital by 25 percent. Under more realistic assumptions, however, the actual decline is likely to be smaller and less uniform and some types of capital may even increase in value. The burden on owners of existing capital is also mitigated because the tax reform increases the rate of return they earn from reinvestment.

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Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas in its journal Economic and Financial Policy Review.

Volume (Year): (2000)
Issue (Month): Q3 ()
Pages: 2-22

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedder:y:2000:i:q3:p:2-22

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  1. Koenig, Evan F., 1999. "Achieving "Program Neutrality" Under a National Retail Sales Tax," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 52(n. 4), pages 683-98, December.
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  8. David F. Bradford, 1995. "Consumption Taxes: Some Fundamental Transition Issues," NBER Working Papers 5290, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  10. Alan J. Auerbach & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1982. "Investment versus Savings Incentives: The Size of the Bang for the Buck and the Potential for Self-Financing Business Tax Cuts," NBER Working Papers 1027, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Evan F. Koenig & Gregory W. Huffman, 1998. "The dynamic impact of fundamental tax reform part 1: the basic model," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q 1, pages 24-37.
  12. Gale, William G., 1999. "The Required Tax Rate in a National Retail Sales Tax," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 52(n. 3), pages 443-58, September.
  13. Alan J. Auerbach & Kevin A. Hassett, 2000. "On the Marginal Source of Investment Funds," NBER Working Papers 7821, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Zodrow, George R., 1991. "On the 'Traditional' and 'New' Views of Dividend Taxation," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 44(4), pages 497-509, December.
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  17. Gregory W. Huffman & Evan F. Koenig, 1998. "The dynamic impact of fundamental tax reform part 2 : extensions," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q II, pages 1.
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Cited by:
  1. Alan D. Viard, 2001. "The transition to consumption taxation, Part 2: the impact on existing financial assets," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q II, pages 20-31.

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