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The Share Price Effects of Dividend Taxes and Tax Imputation Credits

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Author Info

  • Harris, T.S.
  • Glenn Hubbard, R.
  • Kemsley, D.

Abstract

We examine the hypothesis that dividend taxes are capitalized into share prices by focusing on investors= implicit valuations of retained earnings versus paid-in equity. Retained earnings are distributable as taxable dividends, whereas paid-in equity is distributable as a tax-free return of capital. Consistent with dividend tax capitalization, firm-level results for the United States indicate that accumulated retained earnings are valued less per unit than contributed capital. In addition, differences in dividend tax rates across U.S. tax regimes are associated with predictable differences in the magnitude of the implied tax discount for retained earnings, as are differences in dividend tax rates across Australia, Japan, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Columbia - Graduate School of Business in its series Papers with number 00-02.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fth:colubu:00-02

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Postal: U.S.A.; COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS, PAINE WEBBER , New York, NY 10027 U.S.A
Phone: (212) 854-5553
Web page: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/business/
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Keywords: DIVIDENDS ; TAXES ; PRICES;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Randall Morck, 2003. "Why Some Double Taxation Might Make Sense: The Special Case of Inter-corporate Dividends," NBER Working Papers 9651, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Todd Sinai & Joseph Gyourko, . "The Asset Price Incidence of Capital Gains Taxes: Evidence from the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 and Publicly-Traded Real Estate Firms," Zell/Lurie Center Working Papers 311, Wharton School Samuel Zell and Robert Lurie Real Estate Center, University of Pennsylvania.
  3. Gravelle, Jane G., 2003. "Effects of Dividend Relief on Economic Growth, the Stock Market, and Corporate Tax Preferences," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 56(3), pages 653-72, September.
  4. Guenther, David A. & Sansing, Richard, 2006. "Fundamentals of shareholder tax capitalization," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 371-383, December.
  5. Hanlon, Michelle & Myers, James N. & Shevlin, Terry, 2003. "Dividend taxes and firm valuation:: a re-examination," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 119-153, June.
  6. Clemens Sialm, 2005. "Tax Changes and Asset Pricing: Time-Series Evidence," NBER Working Papers 11756, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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